Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Jersey) Law 1960

Revised Edition

20.600

Showing the law as at 1 January 2019

This is a revised edition of the law



Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Jersey) Law 1960

Arrangement

Article

1                 Definitions. 5

2                 Restrictions on practice of medicine. 5

3                 Register 6

4                 List of registered medical practitioners to be kept 6

5                 Application for registration as a medical practitioner 6

5A             Registration. 7

5B             Conditions of registration. 7

5C             Certificate of registration. 8

5D             Requirement to make return. 8

6                 Restriction on use of practitioners’ titles. 8

7                 Penalty for abuse of certificates or fraudulently obtaining registration. 8

8                 Request for cancellation of registration. 9

9                 Cancellation of registration otherwise than on request 9

10              Suspension. 10

10A           Application for amendment of direction. 11

10B           Appeals. 11

10C           Fitness to practise. 12

11              Saving for employment in hospitals. 14

12              Saving. 14

12A           Orders. 14

13              Repeal and consequential amendment 15

14              Citation. 15

 

Supporting Documents

Table of Legislation History. 16

Table of Renumbered Provisions. 16

Table of Endnote References. 17

 


Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Jersey) Law 1960[1]

A LAW to regulate the practice of medicine in Jersey

Commencement [see endnotes]

1        Definitions

(1)     In this Law, unless the context otherwise requires –

“Commission” means the Health and Social Care Commission established by Article 35 of the Regulation of Care (Jersey) Law 2014[2];

“Minister” means the Minister for Health and Social Services;

“prescribed” means prescribed by Order of the Chief Minister;

register” means the register kept under Article 3(1);

“registered” means registered as a medical practitioner under this Law;

registration fee” means the registration fee determined under Article 5(3).[3]

(2)     For the purposes of this Law, the practice of medicine shall be deemed to include the performance of any such operation and the giving of any such treatment, advice or attendance as is usually performed or given by medical practitioners.

(3)     [4]

(4)     [5]

2        Restrictions on practice of medicine[6]

(1)     A person shall not –

(a)     represent himself or herself as being registered unless he or she is registered and his or her registration is not suspended;

(b)     represent himself or herself as having any qualification or authority to practise as a medical practitioner that is a qualification or authority prescribed under Article 5A(1)(a) as a requirement for registration, unless he or she has such qualification or authority and, in the case of authority to practise, the authority is not suspended;

(c)     use the title “registered medical practitioner” unless he or she is registered and his or her registration is not suspended;

(d)     represent himself or herself as having a specialist title or specialization unless –

(i)      he or she is permitted, by a qualification or authority to practise as a medical practitioner conferred in another country or territory, being a qualification or authority prescribed under Article 5A(1)(a) as a requirement for registration, to hold himself or herself out, in that country or territory, as having that specialist title or specialization, and

(ii)      the permission is not suspended in that country or territory;

(e)     practise medicine unless he or she is registered and his or her registration is not suspended; or

(f)      practise medicine otherwise than in accordance with the conditions (if any) imposed on his or her registration.

(2)     A person who contravenes paragraph (1) is guilty of an offence and liable to a fine.[7]

3        Register[8]

(1)     The Commission shall keep a register of persons registered as medical practitioners.[9]

(2)     Upon registering a person as a medical practitioner, the Commission shall enter in the register the prescribed information in respect of the person.[10]

(3)     The Commission shall remove from the register the name of a person –

(a)     who has died;

(b)     who has requested the cancellation of his or her registration under Article 8; or

(c)     whose registration has been cancelled under Article 9.[11]

4        List of registered medical practitioners to be kept[12]

The Commission shall ensure that a list of the names of registered medical practitioners, showing such information regarding their qualification for registration as may be prescribed, is published or made available for viewing at all reasonable times by members of the public, without charge, at a place or in a manner determined by the Commission.[13]

5        Application for registration as a medical practitioner[14]

(1)     A person may apply to the Commission for registration under this Law as a medical practitioner.[15]

(2)     An application for registration as a medical practitioner shall –

(a)     contain the prescribed particulars; and

(b)     be accompanied by –

(i)      the prescribed proof that the applicant fulfils the requirements prescribed under Article 5A(1)(a), and

(ii)      the registration fee.

(3)     The Commission may determine a registration fee for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b)(ii).[16]

5A     Registration[17]

(1)     The Commission shall, after receiving an application for registration that complies with the requirements of Article 5(2), register the applicant as a medical practitioner if the Commission is satisfied that –

(a)     the applicant fulfils the prescribed requirements for registration; and

(b)     the application is not made within a period specified in a direction under Article 9(3) that is in force in relation to the applicant.[18]

(2)     The Commission shall, before refusing to register an applicant as a medical practitioner by reason of the application not complying with the requirements of Article 5(2), give the applicant an opportunity to make his or her application compliant with the requirements of that provision.[19]

(3)     The Commission shall not register an applicant as a medical practitioner if the Commission is not satisfied as to the matters described in sub-paragraph (a) and (b) of paragraph (1).[20]

(4)     The Commission shall, upon refusing an application for registration –

(a)     serve notice on the applicant of his or her decision to refuse the application and the reasons for it; and

(b)     refund the registration fee paid by the applicant.[21]

5B     Conditions of registration[22]

(1)     The Commission may, if it she thinks it necessary to do so –

(a)     to protect members of the public;

(b)     because it is otherwise in the public interest; or

(c)     in the interests of the person,

impose a condition on the registration of a person as a medical practitioner.[23]

(2)     A condition may be imposed under paragraph (1) at the time of, or after, registration.

(3)     A condition imposed under paragraph (1) shall remain in force for the period specified in the registration of the person as the period for which the condition shall remain in force.

(4)     A period specified under paragraph (3) shall not exceed 18 months.

(5)     The Commission may, on the expiry of the period specified under paragraph (3), make a further decision under paragraph (1) to impose the condition.[24]

(6)     Before the Commission makes a decision to impose a condition under paragraph (1), the Commission shall give the person the opportunity to make representations.[25]

(7)     The Commission shall impose any mandatory condition of registration that is prescribed.[26]

(8)     The Commission shall serve notice on the practitioner of any condition imposed in the practitioner’s case, the reasons for its imposition and, in the case of a condition imposed under paragraph (1), the period for which it shall remain in force.[27]

5C     Certificate of registration[28]

(1)     The Commission shall issue a certificate of registration to a person who is registered as a medical practitioner.[29]

(2)     The Commission may issue a further certificate of registration to a person who is registered as a medical practitioner if the Commission is satisfied that the certificate of registration formerly issued to the person has been lost, stolen or damaged.[30]

5D     Requirement to make return[31]

A registered medical practitioner shall provide to the Commission, at such intervals and by such dates as may be prescribed, a return in such form and containing such information as may be prescribed.[32]

6        Restriction on use of practitioners’ titles

If any person wilfully and falsely pretends to be or takes or uses the name or title of physician, doctor of medicine, licentiate in medicine and surgery, bachelor of medicine, surgeon, general practitioner or apothecary, or any name, title, addition or description implying that he or she is a registered medical practitioner, or that he or she is recognized by law as a physician or surgeon or licentiate in medicine and surgery or a practitioner in medicine or an apothecary, he or she shall be liable to a fine.[33]

7        Penalty for abuse of certificates or fraudulently obtaining registration

If any person –

(a)     with intent to deceive, forges or uses, or lends to or allows to be used by any other person, a certificate or other document that is required, under Article 5(2)(b), to accompany an application for registration, or makes or has in his or her possession any certificate or document so closely resembling the required certificate or document as to be calculated to deceive; or

(b)     obtains or attempts to obtain registration as a medical practitioner in pursuance of this Law by assuming the name or qualifications of another person,

he or she shall be liable in respect of each offence to a fine or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year.[34]

8        Request for cancellation of registration[35]

(1)     A person registered as a medical practitioner may, at any time, request the Commission to cancel the person’s registration.[36]

(2)     A request under paragraph (1) shall be made in writing.

(3)     The Commission shall, upon receiving a request under paragraph (1), cancel the person’s registration.[37]

9        Cancellation of registration otherwise than on request[38]

(1)     The Commission shall cancel a person’s registration as a medical practitioner if –

(a)     the person ceases to fulfil the requirements for registration prescribed under Article 5A(1)(a);

(b)     the person’s registration under this Law was obtained by fraudulent means; or

(c)     the person has not, within 60 days of having been requested to do so by the Commission, by notice in writing, provided to the Commission the return required by Article 5D.[39]

(2)     The Commission may cancel a person’s registration as a medical practitioner if the person –

(a)     is convicted (whether or not in Jersey) of an offence of a kind that, in the opinion of the Commission, makes the person unfit to be a medical practitioner;

(b)     has failed to comply with a condition imposed under Article 5B(1) or (7) on his or her registration;

(c)     is found by the Commission to have engaged in behaviour that constituted a contravention of, or a failure to comply with, any term or condition of any authority to practise as a medical practitioner by virtue of which authority the person fulfils the requirements for registration prescribed under Article 5A(1)(a); or

(d)     is found by the Commission to have engaged in conduct of a kind that, in the opinion of the Commission, makes the person unfit to be a medical practitioner.[40]

(3)     The Commission may, if it has cancelled a person’s registration under paragraph (1)(b) or (2), direct that the person shall not be registered under Article 5A within a period, not exceeding 5 years, specified by the Commission in the direction.[41]

(4)     The Commission shall, before cancelling a person’s registration under paragraph (1) or (2), give the person an opportunity to make representations.[42]

(5)     The Commission shall serve on a person whose registration is cancelled under this Article notice of –

(a)     its decision to cancel the person’s registration;

(b)     its reasons for the decision; and

(c)     the period, if any, during which, in accordance with a direction under paragraph (3), the person shall not be registered under Article 5A.[43]

(6)     The cancellation of a person’s registration under this Article takes effect on the service on the person under paragraph (5) of the notice of the cancellation.

(7)     If an appeal is lodged under Article 10B against the cancellation of a person’s registration, the Commission shall restore the person’s registration –

(a)     until the determination of the appeal under Article 10B(4)(a) or (c); or

(b)     where the appeal is determined by referring the matter back to the Commission under Article 10B(4)(b), until the Commission has dealt with the referred matter.[44]

(8)     Paragraph (7) does not apply if –

(a)     in the opinion of the Commission, the grounds on which the registration was cancelled are so serious that the cancellation should continue in effect –

(i)      until the appeal in relation to it is determined under Article 10B(4)(a) or (c), or

(ii)      where the appeal is determined by referring the matter back to the Commission under Article 10B(4)(b), until the Commission has dealt with the referred matter; and

(b)     the notice of cancellation under paragraph (5) specifies that sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph applies in relation to the cancellation.[45]

10      Suspension[46]

(1)     The Commission shall –

(a)     suspend a person’s registration as a medical practitioner upon becoming aware that the authority to practise by virtue of which the person fulfils the requirements for registration prescribed under Article 5A(1)(a) has been suspended; and

(b)     end a person’s suspension upon becoming aware that the person’s authority to practise, described in sub-paragraph (a), is no longer suspended.[47]

(2)     If the Commission is satisfied that there may be grounds for cancellation of a person’s registration as a medical practitioner and that the circumstances are such that, while enquiries are conducted into those grounds, the person should not practise as a medical practitioner, the Commission may suspend the person’s registration for a period not exceeding 3 months.[48]

(3)     The Commission may extend a suspension under paragraph (2) on one or more occasions for, on each occasion, a period not exceeding 3 months.[49]

(4)     The Commission shall serve on a person whose registration is suspended, or whose suspension is extended, notice of –

(a)     its decision to suspend, or extend the suspension of, the person’s registration;

(b)     its reasons for the decision; and

(c)     the period for which the suspension has effect.[50]

(5)     A period of suspension commences on the service on the person, under paragraph (4), of the notice of suspension.

10A   Application for amendment of direction[51]

(1)     A person whose registration is cancelled under Article 9 may apply to the Commission to amend a direction given under Article 9(3) in relation to the person.[52]

(2)     The Commission may, after receiving an application under paragraph (1) from a person, amend a direction given under Article 9(3) in relation to the person.[53]

(3)     The Commission shall serve on a person notice of its decision in relation to an application by the person under paragraph (1) and its reasons for the decision.[54]

10B   Appeals[55]

(1)     A person may appeal to the Royal Court against a decision of the Commission to –

(a)     refuse under Article 5A to register the person;

(b)     impose under Article 5B(1) a condition on the registration of the person;

(c)     cancel under Article 9 the person’s registration;

(d)     give a direction under Article 9(3) in relation to the person;

(e)     suspend, or continue the suspension of, the person’s registration under Article 10; or

(f)      refuse, under Article 10A, to amend a direction given in respect of the person or to amend the direction in terms other than those sought by the person.[56]

(2)     An appeal under this Article against a decision may only be made by a person within 28 days after notice of the decision is served on the person, unless the Royal Court determines that the period should be extended.

(3)     If the Commission has not, within the 60 day period beginning on the day after an application is made to the Commission under Article 5A or 10A by a person, served a notice under Article 5A(4) or 10A(3), as the case requires, in relation to the application, the Commission shall be taken for the purposes of this Article –

(a)     to have decided to refuse the application; and

(b)     to have served notice of the decision on the person on the day after the end of that period.[57]

(4)     The Royal Court may determine an appeal under this Article by –

(a)     confirming the decision to which the appeal relates;

(b)     quashing the decision to which the appeal relates and referring the matter back to the Commission for its decision in accordance with the law; or

(c)     making any decision that the Commission could have made under Article 5A, 5B(1), 9, 10 or 10A, as the case may be.[58]

(5)     The Royal Court may make the additional orders it thinks appropriate, including ancillary orders and orders as to costs.

10C   Fitness to practise[59]

(1)     The Minister may by Order, for the purpose of facilitating the continuance, in another country or territory, of any authority to practise by virtue of which medical practitioners are registered, make arrangements for the evaluation of the fitness to practise of all or any class of registered medical practitioners.

(2)     Before making an Order under this Article, the Minister shall consult with such bodies or organizations in Jersey as appear to the Minister to be representative of any class of registered medical practitioners to which the Order would apply.

(3)     An Order made under paragraph (1) may in particular, but not by way of limitation –

(a)     classify registered medical practitioners for the purposes of the arrangements described in paragraph (1);

(b)     provide for the appointment of one or more persons to direct the arrangements described in paragraph (1) in relation to all or any class of registered medical practitioners and specify the name by which a person appointed shall be known;

(c)     specify the responsibilities of a person appointed in relation to the evaluation of the fitness to practise of a class of registered medical practitioners;

(d)     require a person appointed to co-operate with any authority or organization outside Jersey that has responsibility for the issuing, suspension or withdrawal of any authority to practise by virtue of which a person is registered, or eligible to be registered, in Jersey;

(e)     require a person appointed to have regard to guidance issued by a body specified in the Order; and

(f)      confer on a person appointed such powers as are appropriate to enable that person to discharge the responsibilities imposed on him or her by the Order.

(4)     An Order made under paragraph (1) may –

(a)     create offences punishable by a fine of up to level 3 on the standard scale; and

(b)     create other procedures or apply, with modifications, existing procedures in other enactments for enforcing any provision of the Order.[60]

(5)     In particular, an Order made under paragraph (1) may, pursuant paragraph (4)(b), apply Article 30 of the Health Insurance (Jersey) Law 1967[61], with modifications, for the purposes of the Order.

(6)     An Order made under paragraph (1) may, subject to paragraphs (7) to (11) –

(a)     enable a person appointed to require another person to supply information or produce any document which appears relevant to the discharge of the responsibilities of the person appointed; and

(b)     enable a person appointed to apply to the Royal Court for an order requiring the information to be supplied or the document produced.

(7)     An Order made under paragraph (1) shall not confer any power for a person appointed to require another person to supply information or produce any document, the supply or production of which is prohibited by any enactment.

(8)     However, if a prohibition in another enactment operates only because information that is capable of identifying an individual is contained in the document, or forms part of the information, referred to in paragraph (6), the Order may empower a person appointed to require that the information be put into such a form as to prevent identification of the individual.

(9)     An Order made under paragraph (1) may further provide that, for the purpose of determining whether a disclosure is not prohibited, by reason that it is permitted by Article 63 of the Data Protection (Jersey) Law 2018[62], there shall be an assumption that the disclosure is required by the Order.[63]

(10)    An Order made under paragraph (1) shall not confer any power for a person appointed to require another person to supply information or produce a document that the person could not be compelled to supply or produce in civil proceedings before the Royal Court.

(11)    An Order made under paragraph (1) that confers power for a person appointed to require another person to supply information or produce a document –

(a)     shall –

(i)      specify the uses to which the information or documents so obtained may be put, and

(ii)      restrict the persons to whom the information or documents so obtained may be released; and

(b)     may, subject to sub-paragraph (a), require a person appointed to release the information or documents in such circumstances, for such purposes and to such persons, as are specified in the Order.

(12)    A reference in this Article to a person appointed is a reference to a person appointed for the purposes described in paragraph (3)(b).

11      Saving for employment in hospitals[64]

(1)     Notwithstanding the provisions of this Law, a person may be employed in a resident medical capacity in a hospital under the administration of the Minister for Health and Social Services if he or she satisfies such requirements and complies with such conditions as may be prescribed for the purposes of this Article.[65]

(2)     The Minister for Health and Social Services shall enter, in a list to be kept for that purpose, the name of any person employed by virtue of paragraph (1) and, on his or her ceasing to be so employed, his or her name shall be removed from the list.

(3)     The list kept in pursuance of paragraph (2) shall be available for inspection at all reasonable times.

(4)     A person who is employed by virtue of paragraph (1) shall, in relation to that employment and to things done or omitted in the course thereof, be treated as registered under this Law as a medical practitioner, but in relation to all other matters shall be treated as not so registered.

(5)     In this Article, “employed in a resident medical capacity” means employed in the practice of medicine, surgery or midwifery where the person employed is resident in the hospital where he or she is employed or conveniently near thereto and is by the terms of his or her employment required to be so resident.

12      Saving

Nothing in this Law shall extend, or be construed to extend, to prejudice or in any way to affect –

(a)     the occupation of a medical practitioner as a member of the Armed Forces of the Crown;

(b)     the giving of advice by a medical practitioner resident outside Jersey who has been called into consultation by a registered medical practitioner; or

(c)     the lawful occupation, trade or business of a pharmaceutical chemist or a dentist so far as the same extends to selling, compounding or dispensing medicines.

12A   Orders[66]

The Chief Minister may, by Order –

(a)     prescribe any matter that shall or may be prescribed under this Law;

(b)     make provision as to the documents that may be admitted in proceedings under this Law as proof that a person –

(i)      fulfils the prescribed requirements for registration under Article 5A, or

(ii)      is permitted to hold himself or herself out as having a specialist title or specialization;

(c)     make provision as to the manner in which any notice to be served under this Law shall or may be served; and

(d)     make transitional provisions and savings for the purposes of the commencement of any amendment to this Law.

13      Repeal and consequential amendment

(1)     The Loi (1939) sur l’exercice de la Médicine et de la Chirurgie dans cette Ile is hereby repealed.

(2)     In the case of any contravention of Article 1(1) of the Loi (1919) sur le traitement des maladies vénériennes,[67] the penalties to be applicable shall be those prescribed by the said Article 1 to the exclusion of that prescribed by Article 2 of this Law.

14      Citation

This Law may be cited as the Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Jersey) Law 1960.

 


Endnotes

Table of Legislation History

Legislation

Year and No

Commencement

 

Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Jersey) Law 1960

L.10/1960

9 July 1960

 

Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Amendment) (Jersey) Law 1965

L.7/1965

14 May 1965

 

Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Amendment No. 2) (Jersey) Law 1978

L.10/1979

20 April 1979

 

Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Amendment No.3) (Jersey) Law 1993

L.19/1993

25 June 1993

 

States of Jersey (Amendments and Construction Provisions No. 5) (Jersey) Regulations 2005

R&O.45/2005

9 December 2005

P.59/2005

Medical Practitioners (Registration) (Amendment No. 4) (Jersey) Law 2011

L.23/2011

1 October 2014

(R&O.100/2014)

P.106/2011

Criminal Justice (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Jersey) Law 2016

L.1/2016

20 September 2016

(R&O.98/2016)

P.87/2015

Data Protection (Jersey) Law 2018

L.3/2018

25 May 2018

P.116/2017

Regulation of Care (Transfer of Functions) (Jersey) Regulations 2018

R&O.120/2018

1 January 2019

P.128/2018

States of Jersey (Transfer of Functions – Regulation of Care) (Jersey) Order 2018

R&O.141/2018

1 January 2019

 

Table of Renumbered Provisions

Original

Current

8A

9

9

10

9A

11

10

12

11

13

12

14

 

 

Table of Endnote References



[1]                                    This Law has been amended by the States of Jersey (Amendments and Construction Provisions No. 5) (Jersey) Regulations 2005. The amendments replace all references to a Committee of the States of Jersey with a reference to a Minister of the States of Jersey, and remove and add defined terms appropriately, consequentially upon the move from a committee system of government to a ministerial system of government

[2]                                    chapter 20.820

[3] Article 1(1)              substituted by L.23/2011, amended by R&O.120/2018, R&O.141/2018

[4] Article 1(3)              deleted by L.23/2011

[5] Article 1(4)              deleted by L.23/2011

[6] Article 2                    substituted by L.23/2011

[7] Article 2(2)              amended by L.1/2016

[8] Article 3                    substituted by L.23/2011

[9] Article 3(1)              amended by R&O.120/2018

[10] Article 3(2)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[11] Article 3(3)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[12] Article 4                  substituted by L.23/2011

[13] Article 4                  amended by R&O.120/2018

[14] Article 5                  substituted by L.23/2011

[15] Article 5(1)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[16] Article 5(3)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[17] Article 5A                added by L.23/2011

[18] Article 5A(1)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[19] Article 5A(2)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[20] Article 5A(3)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[21] Article 5A(4)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[22] Article 5B                added by L.23/2011

[23] Article 5B(1)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[24] Article 5B(5)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[25] Article 5B(6)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[26] Article 5B(7)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[27] Article 5B(8)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[28] Article 5C               added by L.23/2011

[29] Article 5C(1)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[30] Article 5C(2)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[31] Article 5D               added by L.23/2011

[32] Article 5D               amended by R&O.120/2018

[33] Article 6                  amended by L.19/1993

[34] Article 7                  amended by L.19/1993, L.23/2011

[35] Article 8                  substituted by L.23/2011

[36] Article 8(1)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[37] Article 8(3)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[38] Article 9                  substituted by L.23/2011

[39] Article 9(1)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[40] Article 9(2)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[41] Article 9(3)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[42] Article 9(4)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[43] Article 9(5)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[44] Article 9(7)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[45] Article 9(8)             amended by R&O.120/2018

[46] Article 10                substituted by L.23/2011

[47] Article 10(1)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[48] Article 10(2)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[49] Article 10(3)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[50] Article 10(4)          amended by R&O.120/2018

[51] Article 10A             added by L.23/2011

[52] Article 10A(1)        amended by R&O.120/2018

[53] Article 10A(2)        amended by R&O.120/2018

[54] Article 10A(3)        amended by R&O.120/2018

[55] Article 10B             added by L.23/2011

[56] Article 10B(1)        amended by R&O.120/2018

[57] Article 10B(3)        amended by R&O.120/2018

[58] Article 10B(4)        amended by R&O.120/2018

[59] Article 10C             added by L.23/2011

[60] Article 10C(4)       amended by L.1/2016

[61]                                   chapter 26.500

[62]                                   L.3/2018

[63] Article 10C(9)       amended by L.3/2018

[64] Article 11                inserted by L.7/1965

[65] Article 11(1)          amended by L.19/1993, L.23/2011

[66] Article 12A             inserted by L.23/2011, amended by R&O.141.2018

[67]                                   chapter 20.575


Page Last Updated: 01 May 2019