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Wildlife (Jersey) Law 202-

Article

interpretation, purpose and application   5

1                 Interpretation: general 5

2                 General purpose of this Law.. 7

3                 Interpretation: “wild animal” and "wild bird". 8

4                 Interpretation: “wild plant”. 8

5                 Protections conferred by this Law.. 8

6                 Application. 9

protection of wild animals and wild birds  10

7                 Prohibition of killing or harming protected wild animals and protected wild birds  10

8                 Prohibitions relating to dens and nests of protected wild animals and protected wild birds  10

9                 Additional protection for dens and nests of certain protected wild animals. 11

10              Additional protection for nests of certain protected wild birds. 12

11              Prohibitions relating to breeding sites and resting sites of certain protected wild animals  12

12              Prohibitions relating to breeding sites and resting sites of certain protected wild birds  13

13              Prohibition of disturbance of certain protected wild animals and protected wild birds  14

14              Prohibition of sale of protected wild animals and protected wild birds. 14

15              Prohibition of keeping etc. of protected wild animals and protected wild birds  15

16              Prohibition of certain methods of killing or taking wild animals and wild birds  15

17              Prohibition of use of vehicles etc. in hunting birds. 16

18              Prohibition of possession, sale etc. of regulated devices, substances and methods  17

19              Prohibition of export of protected wild animals and protected wild birds. 17

20              Prohibition of release of certain species of animals and birds. 18

protection of WILD plants  18

21              Prohibition of certain acts in relation to protected wild plants. 18

22              Prohibition of sale etc. of protected wild plants. 19

23              Prohibition of release of invasive non-native species, and protected wild plants  19

24              Prohibition of export of protected wild plants. 20

protection of environment and biodiversity  20

25              Invasive non-native species. 20

26              Appointment of authorised officers. 20

27              Powers of authorised officers to search and enter premises, etc. 21

28              Supplementary powers of authorised officers. 21

29              Species control agreements. 22

30              Species control orders. 23

31              Provisions to be included in species control order. 24

32              Duty to limit impact of species control operations. 25

33              Prohibition of possession and sale etc. of certain INNs. 26

34              Duty to promote the conservation of biodiversity. 26

35              Designation of Areas of Special Protection. 27

licences  28

36              Minister’s power to grant licences. 28

37              Purposes for which licences may be granted. 30

38              Offence: breach of licence conditions. 30

39              Offence: false statements. 30

general and miscellaneous provisions  31

40              Appeals. 31

41              Compensation. 31

42              Enforcement: general powers. 32

43              Enforcement: supplementary powers. 32

44              General defence for exercise of enforcement powers. 33

45              Offence: obstruction. 34

46              Calculation of penalty. 34

47              Forfeiture. 34

48              Service of notices. 35

49              Power to amend Schedules, etc. 35

50              Orders. 36

51              Guidance. 36

52              Repeals. 36

53              Consequential amendment of other enactments. 36

54              Citation and commencement. 37

PROTECTED WILD ANIMALS  38

protected wild birds  40

PROTECTED wild ANIMALS AND WILD birds whICH RE-USE THEIR DENS OR NESTS  41

PART 1  41

PROTECTED WILD ANIMALS  41

PART 2  41

PROTECTED WILD BIRDS  41

wild animals whose breeding sites and Resting sites are protected   42

part 1  42

protected at any time  42

part 2  42

protected when in use  42

wild birds whose breeding sites and resting sites are protected   43

part 1  43

protected at any time  43

part 2  44

protected when in use  44

wild animals and wild birds which are protected from disturbance  46

part 1  46

wild birds  46

part 2  46

wild animals  46

ANIMALS AND BIRDS TO BE RELEASED WITHIN 48 HOURS  48

part 1  48

wild birds  48

part 2  48

wild animals  48

protected wild plants etc. 49

DEVICES, SUBSTANCES AND METHODS PROHIBITED for killing or taking wild animals  52

PART 1  52

DEVICES ETC. PROHIBITED GENERALLY  52

PART 2  52

DEVICES ETC. OF WHICH USE IS PROHIBITED IN RELATION TO PARTICULAR TYPES OF WILD ANIMAL  52

devices, substances and methods prohibited for killing or taking wild birds  54

devices and substances of which possession etc. is prohibited   55

species of which release etc. is permitted   56

prohibited INN SPECIES  57

1                 Interpretation of this Schedule. 57

2                 Prohibited species. 57

Table of Endnote References. 58

 


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Wildlife (Jersey) Law 202-

A LAW to make provision relating to the conservation and protection of wild animals, birds and plants, and the promotion of biodiversity in Jersey, and for connected purposes

Adopted by the States                                                                9th February 2021

Sanctioned by Order of Her Majesty in Council           [date to be inserted]

Registered by the Royal Court                                            [date to be inserted]

Coming into force                                                                    [date to be inserted]

THE STATES, subject to the sanction of Her Most Excellent Majesty in Council, have adopted the following Law –

part 1

interpretation, purpose and application

1        Interpretation: general

(1)     In this Law –

“animal”, unless otherwise indicated or required by the context, includes an invertebrate animal;

“breeding site” refers to the breeding site of a species of protected wild animal listed in Schedule 4 or of a species of protected wild bird listed in Schedule 5;

“captive bred” has the meaning given by Article 3(2);

“deliberately” is to be construed in accordance with paragraph (3);

“den” includes any roost, lair or burrow or other place used by a wild animal as a place of refuge, protection or shelter;

“disturb” means do any act, or carry out any activity, which in fact does, or might reasonably be foreseen to –

(a)     impair the ability of the wild animal or wild bird in question –

(i)      to survive, to breed or reproduce, to rear or nurture offspring, or

(ii)      in the case of a hibernating or migratory species, to hibernate or migrate; or

(b)     affect significantly the local distribution or abundance of a species;

“INN species” means an invasive non-native species as further defined by Article 25;

“licence”, unless otherwise indicated, means a licence granted by the Minister under Part 5;

“Minister” means the Minister for the Environment;

“plant”, unless otherwise indicated or required by the context, includes –

(a)     any algae, fungus or lichen; and

(b)     any material from which a plant may be propagated at any stage of its biological cycle, including bulbs, corms, rhizomes, seeds and spores;

“premises” includes land;

“prescribed” means prescribed by the Minister by Order;

 “protected wild animal” means a wild animal of a species specified in Schedule 1;

“protected wild bird” means a wild bird of a species specified in Schedule 2;

“protected wild plant” means a wild plant of a species specified in Schedule 8;

“resting site” refers to the resting site of a species of protected wild animal listed in Schedule 4 or of a species of protected wild bird listed in Schedule 5;

“species” may include a subspecies or lower taxon of animal, bird or plant;

“species control agreement” means an agreement under Article 29;

“species control operations” has the meaning given by Article 29(5);

“species control order” means an order under Article 30;

“standard penalty” means imprisonment for a term of 2 years and a fine;

“vehicle” includes a ship, boat or other seagoing vessel;

“wild animal” and “wild bird” have the meanings given by Article 3;

“wild plant” has the meaning given by Article 4.

(2)     In this Law –

(a)     a reference –

(i)      to an animal or bird of any kind includes, unless otherwise indicated or required by the context, reference to an egg, larva, pupa, or other immature stage of an animal or bird of that kind, and

(ii)      to an egg includes, unless otherwise indicated or required by the context, reference to an egg of any oviparous species; and

(b)     where a scientific name and a common name are given for any animal, bird or plant, the common name is included by way of guidance only and, in the event of any dispute or proceedings, the common name is to be disregarded.

(3)     For the purposes of this Law a person acts deliberately if –

(a)     he or she intended his or her act to have a result which in fact occurred and is prohibited by this Law;

(b)     he or she was aware that, unless reasonable precautions were taken –

(i)      his or her act presented a serious risk of a result prohibited by this Law occurring in relation to wild animals, wild birds or plants of the species in question, and

(ii)      being so aware, failed to take such precautions; or

(c)     he or she was aware that his or her act presented a serious risk of a result prohibited by this Law occurring in relation to such animals, birds or plants, even if reasonable precautions were taken,

and in this paragraph “reasonable precautions” means steps that were reasonable, in the circumstances known to the person, for the person to take to reduce the risk of his or her actions giving rise to a result prohibited by this Law.

(4)     In this Law, a reference to advertisement or publication includes reference to advertisement or publication by means of the internet or other electronic means.

2        General purpose of this Law

(1)     The purpose of this Law is the conservation of wildlife in particular, and the promotion of the conservation of biodiversity generally, in Jersey.

(2)     For the purpose set out in paragraph (1), every public body, in exercising a function conferred by an enactment, must have regard to promoting the conservation of biodiversity, so far as is consistent with the proper exercise of the function.

(3)     In complying with the duty imposed by paragraph (1), a public body must have regard to –

(a)     any strategy designated by the Minister under Article 34;

(b)     any guidance issued by the Minister under Article 51; and

(c)     the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity of 5 June 1992 as amended from time to time (or any United Nations Convention replacing that Convention).

(4)     In this Article –

“conservation of biodiversity” includes, without limitation to the generality of that expression –

(a)     in relation to any species of animal, bird or plant, restoring or enhancing a population of that species; and

(b)     in relation to any habitat of such a species, restoring or enhancing that habitat;

“public body” means any person, certain of whose functions are functions of a public nature.

3        Interpretation: “wild animal” and "wild bird"

(1)     A wild animal or wild bird for the purposes of this Law is an animal or bird, as the case may be, which is not captive bred and which –

(a)     is of a species naturally occurring in the wild in Jersey; or

(b)     is, or before being killed or taken was, living wild in Jersey,

or both.

(2)     Subject to paragraph (3), an animal or bird is captive bred if it is bred –

(a)     in captivity, using animals or birds which are themselves lawfully in captivity; or

(b)     using gametes which are lawfully obtained and kept.

(3)     Where a captive bred animal or bird which fulfils the description in paragraph (2) is living wild in Jersey as a result of being lawfully released from captivity, the animal or bird (and any of its offspring living wild) is to be regarded as a wild animal or wild bird for the purposes of this Law.

(4)     In paragraph (3), an animal or bird is “lawfully released” if it is –

(a)     released under and in accordance with a licence, and in particular for the purpose of re-population or re-introduction into Jersey of animals or birds of that species; or

(b)     an animal or bird of a species listed in Schedule 12.

(5)     An animal or bird of any species listed in a Schedule to this Law and found to be in the possession of any person is presumed, for the purposes of this Law, to be a wild animal or wild bird, unless the person proves that the animal or bird –

(a)     is lawfully in that person’s possession; and

(b)     is captive bred.

4        Interpretation: “wild plant”

(1)     A wild plant for the purposes of this Law is a plant which is not a cultivated plant, and which –

(a)     is of a species naturally occurring in the wild in Jersey; or

(b)     is growing, or before the occurrence of any act which constitutes an offence under this Law relating to a wild plant was growing, or has at any time grown, wild in Jersey,

or both.

(2)     A plant is cultivated if it is not derived from the wild in Jersey nor propagated, whether in or outside Jersey, from plant parts derived from the wild in Jersey.

(3)     In proceedings for an offence under this Law relating to a wild plant, the plant in question is presumed to be a wild plant unless the contrary is shown.

5        Protections conferred by this Law

(1)     The Schedules to this Law have effect to specify, respectively –

(a)     in Schedule 1, species of wild animals which are protected;

(b)     in Schedule 2, species of wild birds which are protected;

(c)     in Schedule 3, species of wild animals and wild birds whose dens and nests are additionally protected;

(d)     in Schedule 4, species of wild animals whose breeding sites and resting sites are protected;

(e)     in Schedule 5, species of wild birds whose breeding sites and resting sites are protected;

(f)      in Schedule 6, species of wild animals and birds which are protected from disturbance;

(g)     in Schedule 7, species of wild animals and wild birds which must not be kept in captivity for longer than 48 hours;

(h)     in Schedule 8, species of wild plants which are protected wild plants;

(i)      in Schedule 9, prohibited devices, substances and methods of killing, injuring or taking wild animals;

(j)      in Schedule 10, prohibited devices, substances and methods of killing, injuring or taking wild birds;

(k)     in Schedule 11, prohibited things capable of being used to kill, injure or take wild animals or wild birds;

(l)      in Schedule 12, species of wild animals and wild birds which are permitted to be introduced into the wild;

(m)    in Schedule 13, certain prohibited INN species.

(2)     Where a species of animal, bird or plant is listed in a Schedule, that species, including individual specimens of that species, enjoys the level of protection conferred by such listing either to an unqualified extent or to such extent as may be further specified in relation to the listing of that species in that Schedule.

(3)     Without prejudice to the Minister’s general power under Article 49 to amend any Schedule, the Minister may by Order further prescribe animals, birds or plants which are protected in any of the ways for which this Law provides, and such an Order may, for this purpose, amend this Article.

(4)     A provision of an Order made under paragraph (3) may be expressed to have effect either generally or in relation to particular provisions of this Law, particular areas of Jersey or particular times of year.

6        Application

(1)     This Law extends to the territorial sea adjacent to Jersey.

(2)     This Law applies on and in relation to Crown land in Jersey but nothing in it renders the Crown liable to prosecution for an offence under this Law.

(3)     Except to such extent as may be expressly provided, nothing in this Law is to be taken as derogating from rights over land enjoyed by an owner of the land under customary law or under an enactment.

part 2

protection of wild animals and wild birds

7        Prohibition of killing or harming protected wild animals and protected wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person –

(a)     deliberately or recklessly to kill, injure or take a protected wild animal or protected wild bird; or

(b)     deliberately to cause or permit another person to kill, injure or take a protected wild animal or protected wild bird,

unless the case is one described in paragraphs (2), (3) or (5).

(2)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) if the killing, injury or taking in question is carried out under and in accordance with a licence, or under this Law, the Animal Health (Jersey) Law 2016[1] or the Animal Welfare (Jersey) Law 2004[2].

(3)     No offence is committed under paragraph (1) if –

(a)     a person takes a protected wild animal or protected wild bird which is disabled or injured, for the purpose of tending that animal or bird and releasing it upon its recovery; and

(b)     the conditions in paragraph (4) are fulfilled.

(4)     The conditions mentioned in paragraph (3) are that –

(a)     the animal or bird was not disabled or injured by the person’s unlawful act; and

(b)     the person releases the animal or bird before the end of the period –

(i)      of 28 days, in the case of a protected wild animal or a protected wild bird, or

(ii)      of 48 hours, in the case of a protected wild animal or a protected wild bird of a species listed in Schedule 7,

beginning with the date on which the animal or bird was taken.

(5)     No offence is committed under paragraph (1) if a person humanely kills a protected wild animal or protected wild bird which is disabled, provided that –

(a)     the animal or bird was not disabled by the person’s unlawful act; and

(b)     there was no reasonable prospect that the animal or bird would recover.

(6)     A person guilty of an offence under paragraph (1) is liable to the standard penalty.

8        Prohibitions relating to dens and nests of protected wild animals and protected wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person deliberately or recklessly to –

(a)     take, damage or destroy the den of a protected wild animal while the den is in use;

(b)     take, damage or destroy the nest of a protected wild bird while the nest is in use or being built;

(c)     obstruct access to the den of a protected wild animal, or to the nest of a protected wild bird, while that den or nest is in use;

(d)     disturb a protected wild animal occupying a den or a protected wild bird occupying a nest; or

(e)     do any act, or carry out any activity, in relation to the den of a protected wild animal or the nest of a protected wild bird, which has the effect of causing the deterioration of that den or nest.

(2)     It is an offence for a person deliberately to –

(a)     take from a den or nest; or

(b)     disturb, in a den or nest,

the eggs or dependent offspring of a protected wild animal or protected wild bird, at any time.

(3)     The prohibitions in paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply to anything done within the living area of a dwelling-house, except in relation to a bat of a species listed in Part 1 of Schedule 3.

(4)     For the purposes of this Article, a den or nest may be in use even though, at the time of an act described in that paragraph, it is unoccupied, and in particular a den or nest is in use if –

(a)     the den or nest contains eggs or offspring of a parent animal or bird; or

(b)     although the den or nest of a protected wild animal or protected wild bird does not contain eggs or offspring, such offspring remain dependent on the den or nest.

(5)     A person does not commit an offence under this Article if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(6)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and a fine.

9        Additional protection for dens and nests of certain protected wild animals

(1)     It is an offence for a person, at any time, deliberately or recklessly to do an act or carry out any activity prohibited by Article 8(1) or (2), on or in relation to the den or nest of a protected wild animal of a species listed in Part 1 of Schedule 3.

(2)     For the purposes of paragraph (1), the provisions in Article 8(1)(a), (c) and (d) apply as though unqualified by a requirement for a den or nest to be in use or being built, unless there is evidence that the den or nest is not regularly used or is not likely to be used in future.

(3)     A person does not commit an offence under this Article if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(4)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to the standard penalty.

10      Additional protection for nests of certain protected wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person, at any time, deliberately or recklessly to do an act or carry out any activity prohibited by Article 8, on or in relation to the nest of a protected wild bird of a species listed in Part 2 of Schedule 3.

(2)     For the purposes of paragraph (1) the provisions in Article 8(1)(b), (c) and (d) apply as though unqualified by a requirement for a nest to be in use or being built, unless there is evidence that the nest is not regularly used or is not likely to be used in future.

(3)     A person does not commit an offence under this Article if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(4)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to the standard penalty.

11      Prohibitions relating to breeding sites and resting sites of certain protected wild animals

(1)     It is an offence for a person deliberately or recklessly to –

(a)     take from a breeding site; or

(b)     disturb, in a breeding or resting site,

the eggs or dependent offspring of an animal of a species listed in Part 1 of Schedule 4, at any time.

(2)     It is an offence for a person deliberately or recklessly to –

(a)     take from a breeding site; or

(b)     disturb, in a breeding or resting site,

the eggs or dependent offspring of an animal of a species listed in Part 2 of Schedule 4, while that site is in use or is being built.

(3)     It is an offence for a person deliberately or recklessly to –

(a)     take, damage or destroy any part of the breeding site of an animal of a species listed in Part 1 of Schedule 4; or

(b)     obstruct access by such an animal to its breeding site or resting site,

at any time.

(4)     It is an offence for a person deliberately or recklessly to –

(a)     take, damage or destroy any part of the breeding site of an animal of a species listed in Part 2 of Schedule 4; or

(b)     obstruct access by such an animal to its breeding site or resting site,

while that site is in use or is being built.

(5)     For the purposes of paragraphs (2) and (4) a site is “in use” if an animal is occupying the site, or if –

(a)     the site contains dependent offspring of the animal; or

(b)     although the site does not contain offspring, offspring of the animal remain dependent on the site as a resting site,

regardless of whether, at the time of any act described in paragraph (2), the animal is at the site.

(6)     It is an offence for a person, at any time, deliberately or recklessly to do any act, or carry out any activity, which has the effect of causing deterioration of a breeding site or resting site of an animal of a species in relation to which this Article applies.

(7)     A person does not commit an offence under this Article if –

(a)     the person acts under and in accordance with a licence; or

(b)     the person is authorised or directed, under any enactment other than this Law, to destroy or to disturb a protected wild animal or protected wild bird.

(8)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to the standard penalty.

12      Prohibitions relating to breeding sites and resting sites of certain protected wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person deliberately to –

(a)     take from a breeding site; or

(b)     disturb, in a breeding or resting site,

the eggs or dependent offspring of a bird of a species listed in Part 1 of Schedule 5, at any time.

(2)     It is an offence for a person deliberately or recklessly to –

(a)     take from a breeding site; or

(b)     disturb, in a breeding or resting site,

the eggs or dependent offspring of a bird of a species listed in Part 2 of Schedule 5, while that site is in use or is being built.

(3)     It is an offence for a person deliberately or recklessly to –

(a)     take, damage or destroy any part of the breeding site of a bird of a species listed in Part 1 of Schedule 5; or

(b)     obstruct access by such a bird to its breeding site or resting site,

at any time.

(4)     It is an offence for a person deliberately to –

(a)     take, damage or destroy any part of the breeding site of a bird of a species listed in Part 2 of Schedule 5; or

(b)     obstruct access by such a bird to its breeding site,

while a nest on that site is in use or is being built.

(5)     For the purposes of paragraphs (2) and (4) a nest is “in use” if a bird is incubating eggs in the nest, or if –

(a)     the nest contains eggs or offspring of a bird; or

(b)     although the nest does not contain offspring, offspring of a bird remain dependent on the nest as a resting site,

regardless of whether, at the time of any act described in that paragraph, the bird is in the nest.

(6)     It is an offence for a person, at any time, deliberately to do an act, or carry out any activity, which has the effect of causing deterioration of a breeding site or resting site of a bird of a species in relation to which this Article applies.

(7)     A person does not commit an offence under this Article if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(8)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to the standard penalty.

13      Prohibition of disturbance of certain protected wild animals and protected wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person, at any time, deliberately to disturb a protected wild animal or protected wild bird of a species listed in Schedule 6.

(2)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(3)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to the standard penalty.

14      Prohibition of sale of protected wild animals and protected wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person –

(a)     to have in his or her possession;

(b)     to sell, offer or expose for sale; or

(c)     to have in his or her possession, or to transport, for the purposes of sale, or of offer or exposure for sale,

any protected wild animal or protected wild bird, whether alive or dead, or any part of or anything derived from such an animal or bird, including the eggshell of such an animal or bird.

(2)     It is an offence for a person to publish any advertisement likely to be understood as conveying that the person buys or sells, or intends to buy or sell, any such thing of which the sale is prohibited under paragraph (1).

(3)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) –

(a)     if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence; or

(b)     where an act which would otherwise constitute an offence under that paragraph relates to a dead protected wild animal or dead protected wild bird or any part of or anything derived from such an animal or bird, including a blown egg, which –

(i)      is shown to have been killed otherwise than in contravention of this Law, or

(ii)      was lawfully imported.

(4)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to the standard penalty.

15      Prohibition of keeping etc. of protected wild animals and protected wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person to keep, or to have in his or her control or possession –

(a)     a protected wild animal; or

(b)     a protected wild bird, whether alive or dead, or the blown egg of such a bird.

(2)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) –

(a)     if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence;

(b)     where an act which would otherwise constitute an offence under that paragraph relates to a dead protected wild animal or dead protected wild bird or any part of or anything derived from such an animal or bird which –

(i)      is shown to have been killed otherwise than in contravention of this Law, or

(ii)      was lawfully imported; or

(c)     if the person acts in accordance with, and in the circumstances described in, paragraph (3) or (4).

(3)     No offence is committed under paragraph (1) if a person keeps a wild animal or wild bird which is disabled or injured, for the purpose of tending that animal or bird and releasing it upon its recovery, provided that –

(a)     the animal or bird was not disabled or injured by the person’s unlawful act; and

(b)     the person releases the animal or bird before the end of the period –

(i)      in the case of an animal or bird listed in Schedule 7, of 48 hours, or

(ii)      in any other case, of 28 days,

beginning with the date on which the animal or bird was taken into captivity.

(4)     No offence is committed under paragraph (1) if a person humanely kills, or transports for the purpose of humanely killing, a protected wild animal or protected wild bird which is disabled, provided that –

(a)     the animal or bird was not disabled by the person’s unlawful act; and

(b)     there was no reasonable prospect that the animal or bird would recover.

(5)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to the standard penalty.

16      Prohibition of certain methods of killing or taking wild animals and wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person to use any device, substance or method specified in Part 1 of Schedule 9 for or in connection with the killing, injuring or capture of a wild animal.

(2)     It is an offence for a person to use any device, substance or method to which paragraph (3) applies, for or in connection with the killing, injuring or capture of one or more wild animals or wild birds of a species in relation to which that paragraph is specified to apply.

(3)     This paragraph applies to a device, substance or method specified –

(a)     in relation to a protected wild animal of a species listed in the first column of the table in Part 2 of Schedule 9, in the second column of the table;

(b)     in relation to a protected wild bird, in Schedule 10.

(4)     It is an offence for a person deliberately to use, for or in connection with the killing, injuring or capture of a wild animal or wild bird, a device, substance or method other than one to which paragraph (3) applies, if that device, substance or method –

(a)     is capable of having a significant effect on the distribution or abundance of, or of causing serious disturbance to, the local population of a protected wild animal or protected wild bird in the area in which the device, substance or method is used; or

(b)     is of a kind that cannot be directed at a specific animal, bird or species of animal or bird, or is used in such a way that it cannot be so directed.

(5)     No offence is committed under paragraph (1), (2) or (4) if the act in question is done under and in accordance with a licence.

(6)     Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply to the use of a device, substance or method for or in connection with capture of wild animals or wild birds for the purposes of education or of conservation of wildlife or of the environment, where the capture is carried out to such extent and using such devices, substances or methods as may be specified by the Minister in guidance.

(7)     In this Article reference to a “device” includes any part of a device and to a device whether or not it is assembled.

(8)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and to a fine.

17      Prohibition of use of vehicles etc. in hunting birds

(1)     Without prejudice to Articles 16 and 18, it is an offence for a person to use –

(a)     a motor vehicle;

(b)     a mechanically propelled boat or other vessel; or

(c)     an aircraft,

for the purpose of hunting any protected wild bird.

(2)     In paragraph (1)(a), “motor vehicle” means a mechanically propelled vehicle intended or adapted for use on roads.

(3)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and to a fine.

18      Prohibition of possession, sale etc. of regulated devices, substances and methods

(1)     It is an offence for a person to have in his or her possession, for the purpose of committing an offence under this Part, anything capable of being used for committing that offence.

(2)     A person guilty of an offence under paragraph (1) is liable to the same punishment as if the person had committed the primary offence in question.

(3)     It is an offence for a person to –

(a)     sell, hire or exchange;

(b)     give away;

(c)     offer or expose for sale; or

(d)     be in possession of, or transport, for the purpose of sale, hire or exchange or of offer or exposure for sale, hire or exchange,

anything listed in Schedule 11.

(4)     It is an offence for a person to sell, or to expose or offer for sale, for the purpose of killing, injuring or capture of a wild animal or (as the case may be) wild bird, a device or substance which –

(a)     is capable of having a significant effect on the distribution or abundance of, or of causing serious disturbance to, the population of a protected wild animal or protected wild bird in the area in which the device, substance or method is used; or

(b)     is of a kind that cannot be directed at a specific animal, bird or species of animal or bird, or is used in such a way that it cannot be so directed.

(5)     It is an offence for a person to publish any advertisement likely to be understood as conveying that the person sells or buys, or intends to sell or buy, devices or substances listed in Schedule 9 or Schedule 10 for the purpose of killing, injuring or capture of a wild animal or (as the case may be) wild bird.

(6)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1), (3), or (4) if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(7)     A person guilty of an offence under paragraph (3), (4) or (5) is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and a fine.

19      Prohibition of export of protected wild animals and protected wild birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person to export from Jersey any protected wild animal or protected wild bird, whether alive or dead, or any part of such an animal or bird.

(2)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(3)     A person guilty of an offence under paragraph (1) is liable to the standard penalty.

20      Prohibition of release of certain species of animals and birds

(1)     It is an offence for a person –

(a)     deliberately to release; or

(b)     recklessly to allow to escape,

into the wild, any animal or bird of an INN species.

(2)     It is an offence for a person –

(a)     deliberately to release; or

(b)     recklessly to allow to escape,

permanently into the wild, any animal or bird of a species other than a species specified in Schedule 12.

(3)     It is an offence for a person knowingly to cause or permit another person to do an act mentioned in paragraph (1) or (2).

(4)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) or (2) if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(5)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) or (2) if the person releases or allows to escape –

(a)     an animal or bird inadvertently captured as a result of a lawful act or in the course of a lawful activity carried out by the person; or

(b)     before the end of the period specified in Article 7(4) or 15(3), an animal or bird taken into or kept in captivity under either of those provisions.

(6)     For the purposes of paragraphs (2) and (3) “permanently” means that the animal or bird in question is released or allowed to escape, or caused or permitted to be released or allowed to escape –

(a)     with the intention of allowing the animal or bird to establish itself in the wild; and

(b)     with no intention of retrieving the animal or bird into captivity.

(7)     A person guilty of an offence –

(a)     under paragraph (1), is liable to the standard penalty;

(b)     under paragraph (2), is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and to a fine of level 3 on the standard scale.

part 3

protection of WILD plants

21      Prohibition of certain acts in relation to protected wild plants

(1)     It is an offence for a person deliberately or recklessly to –

(a)     cut, pick or otherwise gather the whole, or any substantial part of, a protected wild plant;

(b)     uproot a protected wild plant;

(c)     collect the propagule or spore of a protected wild plant;

(d)     do any other thing which has the effect of causing the destruction of a protected wild plant; or

(e)     disturb a protected wild plant or the habitat of a protected wild plant.

(2)     It is an offence for a person to have in his or her possession a protected wild plant or any part, propagule or spore of a protected wild plant.

(3)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) or (2) if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(4)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and to a fine of level 3 on the standard scale.

(5)     For the purposes of this Article –

“propagule” means such part of a plant as is capable of reproducing, and includes a bulb, corm or seed;

to “uproot” means to dig up or otherwise remove a plant or any substantial part of it, including its roots, from the place in which it is growing.

22      Prohibition of sale etc. of protected wild plants

(1)     It is an offence for a person –

(a)     to sell, hire or exchange;

(b)     to offer or expose for sale, hire or exchange; or

(c)     to transport, for the purposes of sale, hire or exchange or of offer or exposure for sale, hire or exchange,

any protected wild plant, or any part of or anything derived from a protected wild plant.

(2)     It is an offence for a person to publish any advertisement likely to be understood as conveying that the person buys or sells, or intends to buy or sell, any protected wild plant, or any part of or anything derived from a protected wild plant.

(3)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) if the person acts under the authority of, and in accordance with, a licence.

(4)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and to a fine of level 3 on the standard scale.

23      Prohibition of release of invasive non-native species, and protected wild plants

(1)     It is an offence for a person –

(a)     deliberately to plant in the wild; or

(b)     knowingly to cause or permit another person to plant in the wild,

any plant of an INN species.

(2)     It is an offence for a person –

(a)     deliberately to plant in the wild; or

(b)     recklessly to release into the wild,

any protected wild plant.

(3)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) or (2) if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(4)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and to a fine of level 3 on the standard scale.

24      Prohibition of export of protected wild plants

(1)     It is an offence for a person to export from Jersey any protected wild plant, whether alive or dead.

(2)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) if the person acts under and in accordance with a licence.

(3)     A person guilty of an offence under paragraph (1) is liable to the standard penalty.

part 4

protection of environment and biodiversity

25      Invasive non-native species

(1)     For the purposes of this Law, any species of animal, bird or plant, alive or dead, is –

(a)     “invasive”, if uncontrolled, it would be likely to have a significant adverse impact on –

(i)      the biodiversity of Jersey, or

(ii)      other environmental, social or economic interests of Jersey; and

(b)     “non-native” if it is a species which does not –

(i)      naturally occur in the wild in Jersey, nor

(ii)      in the case of a species of animal or bird, regularly visit Jersey, at any point in the life cycle of that species, in a wild state,

and a species which is both invasive and non-native is referred to as an “INN species”.

(2)     Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (1), a species specified, or otherwise incorporated, in paragraph 2 of Schedule 13 is treated for the purposes of this Law as an “INN species” whether or not, at the time when an offence under this Law is committed, the species or its habitat extends to Jersey.

26      Appointment of authorised officers

(1)     The Minister may appoint persons to carry out the functions of authorised officers under this Part.

(2)     An appointment under paragraph (1) may be made subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister considers appropriate.

27      Powers of authorised officers to search and enter premises, etc.

(1)     An authorised officer may exercise the powers conferred by this Article and Article 28 for the purposes of –

(a)     investigating whether an INN species is present on any premises or in any vehicle, where the officer reasonably suspects that such a species is so present; or

(b)     enforcing a species control order.

(2)     For the purposes mentioned in paragraph (1), an authorised officer may, at any reasonable hour –

(a)     enter and search any premises, other than premises used wholly or mainly as a private dwelling;

(b)     stop, enter and search any vehicle; and

(c)     seize and detain any property found within the premises or vehicle.

(3)     The Bailiff or a Jurat, if satisfied on sworn information that –

(a)     there are reasonable grounds for entry into any premises for a purpose mentioned in paragraph (1); and

(b)     either –

(i)      the premises are used wholly or mainly as a private dwelling, or

(ii)      any of the circumstances in paragraph (4) applies,

may grant a warrant authorising an inspector, together with a police officer, to enter the premises and to use such force as is reasonably necessary to do so.

(4)     The circumstances mentioned in paragraph (3)(b)(ii) are that –

(a)     admission has been refused, or a refusal is expected, and (in either case) notice of the application for a warrant has been given to the occupier;

(b)     asking for admission, or the giving of notice of an application for a warrant, would defeat the object of the entry; or

(c)     the case is one of urgency and the premises are unoccupied or the occupier is absent.

(5)     A warrant granted under this Article is valid for one month.

(6)     An authorised officer who exercises power to enter premises which are unoccupied or whose occupier is absent must (so far as reasonably practicable) leave the premises secured as effectively as he or she found them.

28      Supplementary powers of authorised officers

(1)     An authorised officer entering any premises or vehicle under Article 27 may further, for the purposes mentioned in Article 27(1), do all such things and take all such steps as are reasonably necessary including the actions listed in paragraph (2) and the exercise of the powers conferred by paragraph (3).

(2)     The actions mentioned in paragraph (1) are –

(a)     inspecting, examining and seizing anything on or in the premises or vehicle, including live animals and live birds, and documents and computer records;

(b)     transcribing, copying and detaining any documents and records;

(c)     recording, measuring or photographing anything on or in the premises or vehicle;

(d)     detaining, isolating or requiring the movement of any animal, bird, plant or inanimate thing;

(e)     taking samples from any animal, bird or plant or of any other thing;

(f)      undertaking such cleansing and disinfection, disinfestation, treatment, removal or destruction, including by fire, of any bird, animal or thing as is considered appropriate in the circumstances.

(3)     An authorised officer may, by notice served on a person who is the occupier of premises or owner of any vehicle, require that person –

(a)     to undertake any action (including any such action as might amount to species control operations); and

(b)     to take such reasonable steps as the officer may specify to collect or restrain any animal or bird of which the person has charge.

(4)     An authorised officer exercising powers under this Article or Article 27 may, as he or she considers necessary –

(a)     be accompanied by such other persons; and

(b)     take with him or her onto any premises such equipment (including vehicles).

(5)     Where an authorised officer seizes or detains any property under this Article or Article 27, the officer must give, to any person who appears to the officer to be the person owning or otherwise having possession or control of that property, a receipt for the property in writing and stating the date on which, and the powers under which, it has been so seized or detained.

(6)     An authorised officer is not personally liable for anything that he or she does when acting in the execution or purported execution of powers under this Part, but nothing in this paragraph is to be taken to exclude liability of a public authority under Article 7(1) of the Human Rights (Jersey) Law 2000[3].

29      Species control agreements

(1)     Where an authorised officer considers that an animal, bird or plant of an INN species, or of any other species of non-domesticated animal or bird not naturally occurring in Jersey, is present on any premises, the officer may, subject to paragraph (2), enter into an agreement for control of that species (a “species control agreement”) with the owner of the premises.

(2)     Before entering into a species control agreement the officer must be satisfied –

(a)     that the provisions of the agreement are proportionate to the objective to be achieved; and

(b)     in a case where there is more than one owner, that the person who is party to the agreement is the most appropriate person.

(3)     A species control agreement must specify –

(a)     the species, and the premises, to which the agreement relates;

(b)     the operations (“species control operations”, as further defined by paragraph (5)) which are to be carried out under the agreement; and

(c)     the party by whom, and (if appropriate) the time by which, the species control operations are to be carried out.

(4)     A species control agreement may contain such supplementary provision as the parties consider appropriate, which may include (but need not be limited to) provision as to –

(a)     how species control operations are to be carried out;

(b)     payment to be made by one party to the other, or to another person, in respect of such operations; and

(c)     any species control operations which must not be carried out.

(5)     “Species control operations” means operations to do one or more of the following things, namely –

(a)     eradicating a species from premises;

(b)     controlling a species on premises;

(c)     preventing the return of a species to premises.

(6)     Where the authorised officer considers that an owner of premises has complied with all the requirements of a species control agreement to which that owner is a party, the officer must give the owner notice to such effect.

(7)     An authorised officer is not liable to a person with an interest in the premises, other than the owner who is a party to a species control agreement, for anything done by the officer under the agreement, but nothing in this paragraph is to be taken to exclude liability of a public authority under Article 7(1) of the Human Rights (Jersey) Law 2000[4].

(8)     An owner of premises is not liable to any other person for doing anything by way of species control operations under a species control agreement.

30      Species control orders

(1)     This Article applies where –

(a)     an authorised officer considers that an animal, bird or plant of an INN species, or any other species of non-domesticated animal or bird not naturally occurring in Jersey, is present on any premises; and

(b)     any of the circumstances listed in paragraph (2) apply.

(2)     The circumstances mentioned in paragraph (1) are that –

(a)     the Minister considers that an owner of the premises –

(i)      has failed to comply in whole or in part with a species control agreement, and

(ii)      having been given notice of the failure and a reasonable opportunity to remedy it, has not remedied the failure;

(b)     an authorised officer has offered to enter into a species control agreement with an owner of the premises, but either –

(i)      the owner has refused to enter into any such agreement, or

(ii)      by the end of the period of 42 days beginning with the day following the day on which the offer was made, no such agreement has been entered into and the officer considers it unlikely that the owner will enter into any such agreement;

(c)     the Minister considers that the making of a species control order is urgently necessary; or

(d)     the Minister is satisfied that, although –

(i)      an authorised officer placed on the premises, in a conspicuous position, a notice requesting the owner to enter into a species control agreement, and

(ii)      a period of at least 5 days has elapsed since the notice was so placed,

no owner of the premises has been or can reasonably be identified.

(3)     Where this Article applies, and subject to paragraph (4), the Minister may make an Order (a “species control order”) in accordance with Article 31.

(4)     In making a species control order the Minister must be satisfied that the provisions of the draft Order are proportionate to the objective to be achieved.

(5)     The Minister or an authorised officer is not liable to a person with an interest in the premises, other than the owner who is a party to a species control agreement, for anything done by the officer under a species control order, but nothing in this paragraph is to be taken to exclude liability of a public authority under Article 7(1) of the Human Rights (Jersey) Law 2000[5].

(6)     An owner of premises is not liable to any other person for doing anything by way of species control operations under a species control order.

31      Provisions to be included in species control order

(1)     Every species control order must contain provision specifying –

(a)     the species to which the order relates;

(b)     the species control operations which are required by the order to be carried out;

(c)     the grounds on which the order is made, being such circumstances as are set out in Article 30(2) and are relevant in the particular case;

(d)     the person by whom the species control operations are to be carried out, being –

(i)      in the case of an order made on the grounds set out in Article 30(2)(a), (b), or (c), either such an owner as is specified in the order or the Minister, or both, or

(ii)      in the case of an order made on the grounds set out in Article 30(2)(d), the Minister; and

(e)     subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), the date by which the species control operations must be carried out or (as the case may be) by which the species control operations are proposed to be carried out by the Minister.

(2)     A species control order made on the grounds set out in Article 30(2)(a), (b) or (d) may not require an owner of premises to carry out species control operations, nor provide for the Minister to do so, before the expiry of the period (further described in paragraph (3)) within which an appeal against the order may be made.

(3)     Except in the case of an order made on the grounds set out in Article 30(2)(c), a species control order must also contain provision stating that –

(a)     an appeal may be made against the order within the period of 14 days beginning with the date of service of the order; and

(b)     if an appeal under Article 40 is made within that period, no species control operations are to be carried out before the appeal is withdrawn, or finally determined.

(4)     If appropriate, a species control order may contain a map or plan of the premises to which it relates.

(5)     A species control order may also contain provision as to either or both of the following kinds of payment –

(a)     payment to be made by the Minister to –

(i)      an owner, in respect of the reasonable costs of species control operations to be carried out by the owner, or

(ii)      another person, in respect of the reasonable costs of such operations to be carried out by an owner; and

(b)     payment to be made by an owner in respect of the reasonable costs of species control operations to be carried out by the Minister.

32      Duty to limit impact of species control operations

In carrying out species control operations, or requiring such operations to be carried out, the Minister and (except where Article 30(2)(c) applies) an authorised officer must ensure that –

(a)     the operations, and any impact of the operations on the immediate environment in which they are to be carried out or on the wider environment of Jersey, are proportionate to the objective to be achieved; and

(b)     the operations are carried out –

(i)      using all necessary measures to spare avoidable pain, distress and suffering of animals as a result of or during the operations, and

(ii)      taking into account as far as possible best practices in animal welfare.

33      Prohibition of possession and sale etc. of certain INNs

(1)     It is an offence for a person –

(a)     to have in his or her possession or control, except for the purposes of removal or destruction under and in accordance with a licence;

(b)     to sell, hire or exchange;

(c)     to offer or expose for sale, hire or exchange; or

(d)     to have in his or her possession, or to transport, for the purposes of sale, hire or exchange, or of offer or exposure for sale, hire or exchange,

any animal, bird or plant of an INN species specified, or otherwise incorporated, in paragraph 2 of Schedule 13.

(2)     A person guilty of an offence under this Article is liable to the standard penalty.

(3)     A person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) if the person acts under and in accordance with –

(a)     a licence; or

(b)     a species control agreement or species control order.

34      Duty to promote the conservation of biodiversity

(1)     The Minister must –

(a)     designate; and

(b)     publish, in such manner as the Minister may see fit,

one or more strategies for the conservation of biodiversity in Jersey.

(2)     Within the period of one year beginning with the date of designation of a strategy under paragraph (1), the Minister must further –

(a)     publish, in the same manner as that adopted for publication under paragraph (1)(b), lists of –

(i)      species of animals, birds and plants, and

(ii)      habitats,

considered by the Minister to be of principal importance for the furtherance of the conservation of biodiversity; and

(b)     issue and publish guidance for the assistance of public bodies in complying with the duty imposed by Article 2(2).

(3)     The Minister may at any time review and, if the Minister considers it necessary to do so, amend the guidance issued under paragraph (2)(b).

(4)     Within the period of 5 years beginning with either –

(a)     the date on which a strategy is designated under paragraph (1)(a); or

(b)     the date on which a report was last laid under this paragraph,

the Minister must lay a report before the States as to the implementation of the strategy.

(5)     Within the period of 5 years beginning with either –

(a)     the base date; or

(b)     the date on which a report was last published under this paragraph,

a public body must publish a report on the actions taken by the body, in pursuance of the duty imposed upon it by Article 2(2), during the period to which the report relates.

(6)     A report for the purposes of paragraph (5) may be published in such form and manner as the public body thinks fit, including by incorporation within another report published by the body, and in paragraph (5)(a) the “base date” means –

(a)     the date on which this Law comes into force; or

(b)     if later, the date on which the body is established.

(7)     In this Article “public body” and “conservation of biodiversity” have the same meanings as given by Article 2(4).

35      Designation of Areas of Special Protection

(1)     Subject to paragraphs (2) to (5), the Minister may by Order make provision designating, as an Area of Special Protection, such an area as must be specified in the Order and such as may reasonably be necessary for the protection within that area of such wild animals, wild birds or wild plants as must also be specified, including provision –

(a)     as to the physical delineation of the Area and any associated signage or fencing;

(b)     specifying any time period for application of the Order;

(c)     restricting access to the Area, whether entirely or in part and whether or not at specified times or for specified periods;

(d)     specifying persons who may enter the Area, and the purposes for which they may enter;

(e)     prohibiting specified acts or activities within the Area, whether or not at specified times or for specified periods; and

(f)      creating sanctions for breach of any restriction or prohibition.

(2)     Before making an Order under paragraph (1), the Minister must give notice in writing of ­ –

(a)     the proposed designation of an Area of Special Protection;

(b)     the reasons for the proposed designation; and

(c)     the intended provisions of the Order,

to every owner or occupier of land falling within the area proposed to be designated.

(3)     The notice required by paragraph (2) must include provision –

(a)     giving the persons to whom it is addressed sufficient opportunity to make representations to the Minister in relation to the proposed designation and Order; and

(b)     inviting those persons to agree, subject to any such representations, to the proposed designation.

(4)     The Minister must, as soon as reasonably practicable, consider any representations made under paragraph (3)(a) and having done so may –

(a)     make the Order as originally proposed, or with such modifications as the Minister may consider reasonable; or

(b)     withdraw the proposal to make the Order,

and in either case must give notice in writing of the action taken under this provision to the same persons as those to whom notice was given under paragraph (2).

(5)     If in the Minister’s reasonable opinion it is impracticable to give notice as required by paragraph (2) or (4), the Minister must publish the same particulars as described in that paragraph by such means as may be reasonably considered sufficient to bring the proposed designation to the attention of those affected by it.

(6)     The Minister must not make an Order under this Article before the expiration of a period of 28 days from the date of the giving of the notice under paragraph (2) or (4), or from the date of publication under paragraph (5), whichever may be applicable, and after the expiration of that period may do so only with the agreement of all the persons to whom the notice was given, or if –

(a)     any of the persons to whom the notice was given have failed –

(i)      to respond to the notice at all, or

(ii)      to reach an agreement with the Minister as to the proposed designation; and

(b)     the Minister considers it unlikely that agreement to the proposed designation can be reached with all those persons.

(7)     The making of an Order under this Article does not affect the reasonable and lawful exercise by a person, within the designated area, of a right vested in the person –

(a)     as owner or occupier of land within that area; or

(b)     under any agreement, however described, in respect of such land.

(8)     Nothing in this Article makes unlawful anything lawfully done, within an Area of Special Protection –

(a)     under any other provision of this Part; or

(b)     under and in accordance with a licence.

part 5

licences

36      Minister’s power to grant licences

(1)     The Minister may grant, in accordance with this Part, a licence authorising a person to do anything which would otherwise constitute an offence under Parts 2 to 4.

(2)     The Minister may grant a licence only –

(a)     for one or more of the purposes listed in Article 37, which must be specified in the licence; and

(b)     if the Minister is satisfied that, as regards the particular purpose so specified –

(i)      there is no satisfactory course of action other than that authorised by the licence, and

(ii)      anything authorised by the licence will not be detrimental to the survival of the population concerned.

(3)     A licence granted under the power conferred by this Article is valid only for the period, if any, specified in the licence, and may –

(a)     authorise action which is general or specific;

(b)     be granted to persons generally, to a class of persons or to a particular person;

(c)     be granted subject to compliance with such conditions as may be specified; and

(d)     be modified or revoked by the Minister at any time.

(4)     The Minister may charge, in connection with the grant of a licence, such a fee as may be prescribed.

(5)     A licence which is granted to a particular person must be in writing and sent to the person.

(6)     A licence which is granted to a class of persons or is otherwise of general application must be publicised in such manner as the Minister considers appropriate to bring the licence to the notice of the persons to whom it is granted or applies, including publicising –

(a)     the purpose of the licence and any specified conditions; and

(b)     the date on which the licence becomes operative and, if applicable, is amended, suspended or revoked.

(7)     A person aggrieved by –

(a)     the grant of, or refusal to grant, a licence to him or her;

(b)     a condition specified in a licence or the lack of such a condition; or

(c)     the amendment, suspension or revocation of a licence,

may in writing request the Minister to reconsider the decision in question.

(8)     Where a person makes a request in writing under paragraph (7), the Minister may give the person reasonable opportunity to make further representations in relation to the matter by which the person is aggrieved, and must either –

(a)     decline to reconsider the decision, and in that case the Minister must, as soon as reasonably practicable, notify the person in writing that the Minister declines to do so, and stating the reasons for declining; or

(b)     reconsider the decision, and in that case the Minister must, as soon as reasonably practicable, notify the person in writing of the result of such reconsideration and the reasons for it.

37      Purposes for which licences may be granted

(1)     The following purposes are those for which a licence may be granted as mentioned in Article 36(2)(a), namely –

(a)     scientific or educational purposes;

(b)     ringing or marking, or attaching any other identifying or tracking device to, any wild animal or wild bird, or examining any ring, mark or device;

(c)     preserving public health or public safety, or similar imperative reasons including those of a social or economic nature and beneficial consequences of primary importance to the environment;

(d)     enabling reasonable and lawful development, within the meaning given by the Planning and Building (Jersey) Law 2002[6], of, in or upon any area of land;

(e)     repopulation of an area with, or introduction or re-introduction into an area of, wild animals, wild birds or wild plants, including any breeding or propagation necessary for that purpose;

(f)      conserving wild animals, wild birds, or wild plants;

(g)     preventing the spread of disease;

(h)     protecting any zoological or biological collection;

(i)      preventing serious damage to livestock, foodstuffs for livestock, crops, vegetables, fruit, growing timber or any other form of property, or fisheries;

(j)      photography.

(2)     The Minister may by Order amend the list of purposes in paragraph (1).

38      Offence: breach of licence conditions

(1)     It is an offence for a person to whom a licence is granted to contravene, or fail to comply with, any condition specified in the licence in accordance with Article 36(3)(c).

(2)     But a person does not commit an offence under paragraph (1) if –

(a)     he or she took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid commission of the offence; or

(b)     the commission of the offence was otherwise due to matters beyond his or her control.

(3)     A person guilty of an offence under paragraph (1) is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and a fine.

39      Offence: false statements

A person who, for the purpose of obtaining the grant of a licence –

(a)     makes a statement or representation, or furnishes a document or information which the person knows to be false in a material particular; or

(b)     recklessly makes a statement or representation, or furnishes a document or information, which is false in a material particular,

is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and a fine.

part 6

general and miscellaneous provisions

40      Appeals

(1)     A person aggrieved by a decision of a kind listed in paragraph (2) may appeal to the Royal Court against the decision, on a ground specified in that paragraph in respect of that decision.

(2)     The following decisions are those against which an appeal lies under paragraph (1) –

(a)     a species control order, on the ground that –

(i)      it is unreasonable in all the circumstances for the species control order to be made, or

(ii)      a provision of the species control order is not proportionate to the objective to be achieved;

(b)     an Order designating an Area of Special Protection, on the ground that it is unreasonable in all the circumstances to make the Order;

(c)     the result of a reconsideration, by the Minister, of representations made under Article 36(7) in relation to an application for grant of a licence.

(3)     In this Article, a “person aggrieved” is –

(a)     in relation to a notice, a person on whom the notice is served;

(b)     in relation to an Order, a person to whom the Order is addressed or whose property is, or would potentially be, directly and materially adversely affected by the making of the Order;

(c)     in relation to a licence, the applicant for the licence.

(4)     On determination of an appeal under this Article, the Royal Court may –

(a)     affirm, revoke, vary or suspend a decision, or any Order or any provision of an Order;

(b)     refer the decision back to the Minister for reconsideration; or

(c)     substitute such other decision, Order or provision as the Court may think fit.

41      Compensation

(1)     The Minister may make arrangements for the payment of compensation to an owner of premises in respect of financial loss resulting from –

(a)     a species control agreement or order;

(b)     the exercise of powers of entry under Part 4; or

(c)     expropriation of the premises as a result of the designation of an Area of Special Protection.

(2)     The arrangements may secure that compensation is payable only for financial loss above a specified amount.

42      Enforcement: general powers

(1)     If a police officer or any other officer authorised by the Minister for this purpose (an “authorised officer” for the purposes of this Part) suspects with reasonable cause that any person is committing or has committed an offence under this Law, the officer may, at any reasonable hour –

(a)     enter and search any premises, other than premises used wholly or mainly as a private dwelling;

(b)     stop, enter and search any vehicle;

(c)     stop and search any person; and

(d)     seize and detain any property found within the premises or vehicle.

(2)     The Bailiff or a Jurat, if satisfied on sworn information that –

(a)     there are reasonable grounds for entry into any premises as mentioned in paragraph (1); and

(b)     either –

(i)      the premises are used wholly or mainly as a private dwelling, or

(ii)      any of the circumstances in paragraph (3) applies,

may grant a warrant authorising a police officer or an authorised officer to enter the premises and to use such force as is reasonably necessary to do so.

(3)     The circumstances mentioned in paragraph (2)(b)(ii) are that –

(a)     admission has been refused, or a refusal is expected, and (in either case) notice of the application for a warrant has been given to the occupier;

(b)     asking for admission, or the giving of notice of an application for a warrant, would defeat the object of the entry; or

(c)     the case is one of urgency and the premises are unoccupied or the occupier is absent.

(4)     A warrant granted under this Article is valid for one month.

(5)     A police officer or an authorised officer who exercises power to enter premises which are unoccupied or whose occupier is absent must, so far as reasonably practicable, leave the premises secured as effectively as he or she found them.

43      Enforcement: supplementary powers

(1)     A police officer or an authorised officer entering any premises or vehicle under Article 42 may further, for the purpose of investigating whether or not an offence under this Law has been committed, do all such things and take all such steps as are reasonably necessary, including the actions listed in paragraph (2) and the exercise of the powers conferred by paragraph (3).

(2)     The actions mentioned in paragraph (1) are –

(a)     inspecting, examining and seizing anything on or in the premises or vehicle, including live animals and live birds, and documents and computer records;

(b)     transcribing, copying and detaining any documents and records;

(c)     recording, measuring or photographing anything on or in the premises or vehicle;

(d)     detaining, isolating or requiring the movement of an animal, bird or plant, in accordance with the conditions in Article 44(4), or of any inanimate thing;

(e)     taking samples, in accordance with the conditions in Article 44(4), from an animal or bird or of any plant or of any inanimate thing.

(3)     A police officer or authorised officer may, by notice served on a person who is the owner or occupier of premises or the owner of any vehicle, require that person to take such reasonable steps as the officer may specify to collect or restrain any animal, bird or plant of which the person has possession or control.

(4)     An authorised officer exercising powers under this Article may, as he or she considers necessary –

(a)     be accompanied by such other persons; and

(b)     take with him or her onto any premises such equipment, including vehicles.

(5)     Where a police officer or an authorised officer seizes or detains any property under this Article or Article 42, the officer must give, to any person who appears to the officer to be the person owning or otherwise having possession or control of that property, a receipt for the property in writing and stating the date on which, and the powers under which, it has been so seized or detained.

(6)     A police officer or an authorised officer is not personally liable for anything that he or she does when acting in the execution or purported execution of powers under this Part, but nothing in this paragraph is to be taken to exclude liability of a public authority under Article 7(1) of the Human Rights (Jersey) Law 2000[7].

44      General defence for exercise of enforcement powers

(1)     No offence is committed under Part 2 by injuring a wild animal or wild bird if –

(a)     the injury is caused solely for the purpose of taking, from the animal or bird, a sample to be used as evidence in proceedings for an offence under this Law; and

(b)     the conditions in paragraph (4) are satisfied.

(2)     No offence is committed under Part 3 by picking or cutting a wild plant if –

(a)     the plant is picked or cut solely for the purpose of taking, from the plant, a sample to be used as evidence in proceedings for an offence under this Law; and

(b)     the conditions in paragraph (4) are satisfied.

(3)     No offence is committed under Article 10, 11, 12 or 14 if –

(a)     the taking, possession, control or transport in question is solely for the purpose of –

(i)      investigating whether an offence under this Law has been or is being committed,

(ii)      bringing, conducting, or giving evidence in proceedings for an offence under this Law, or

(iii)     giving effect to a species control Order; and

(b)     the conditions in paragraph (4) are satisfied.

(4)     The conditions mentioned in the preceding paragraphs of this Article are that –

(a)     there is no satisfactory alternative to –

(i)      causing the injury, in the case of paragraph (1),

(ii)      picking or cutting the plant, in the case of paragraph (2),

(iii)     taking, possessing, controlling or transporting the animal, bird or plant, in the case of paragraph (3); and

(b)     the action is not detrimental to the maintenance of the population of the species of animal, bird or plant at a favourable conservation status in its natural range.

45      Offence: obstruction

A person who intentionally obstructs an authorised officer or a police officer in the exercise of any of the officer’s powers under Article 27, 28, 42 or 43 commits an offence and is liable to imprisonment for a term of 12 months and a fine.

46      Calculation of penalty

Where any offence under this Law is committed in respect of more than one animal, bird, plant or other thing to which the offence relates, the maximum penalty which may be imposed for the offence is to be determined as if the offender had been convicted of a separate offence in respect of each of them.

47      Forfeiture

The court by which any person is convicted of an offence under this Law –

(a)     must order the forfeiture of any animal, bird, nest, egg, plant or other thing in respect of which the offence is committed;

(b)     may order the forfeiture of any vehicle, animal, weapon or other thing used to commit the offence; and

(c)     in the case of an offence under Article 20, 23 or 24, may order the forfeiture of any animal, bird or plant which is of the same kind as that in respect of which the offence is committed and which is found in the offender’s possession.

48      Service of notices

(1)     This Article has effect in relation to any notice or other document required or authorised by or under this Law to be given to or served on any person.

(2)     Any such document may be given to or served on the person in question –

(a)     by delivering it to the person;

(b)     by leaving at the person’s proper address; or

(c)     by sending it by post to the person at that address.

(3)     Any such document may –

(a)     in the case of a company, be given to or served on the secretary, clerk or other similar officer of the company or any person who purports to act in any such capacity, by whatever name called; or

(b)     in the case of a partnership, be given to or served on a partner or a person having the control or management of the partnership business.

(4)     For the purposes of this Article and Article 7 of the Interpretation (Jersey) Law 1954[8] in its application to this Article, the proper address of any person to or on whom a document is to be given or served is the person’s last known address, except that –

(a)     in the case of a company or its secretary, clerk or other officer or person referred to in paragraph (3)(a), the proper address is the address of the registered or principal office of the company; or

(b)     in the case of a partnership or a person having the control or management of the partnership business, the proper address is the address of the principal office of the partnership,

and for the purposes of this paragraph, the principal office of a company registered outside Jersey or of a partnership carrying on business outside Jersey is their principal office within Jersey.

(5)     If the person to be given or served with any document mentioned in paragraph (1) has specified an address within Jersey other than the person’s proper address within the meaning of paragraph (4) as the one at which the person or someone on the person’s behalf will accept documents of the same description as that document, that address is also to be treated for the purposes of this Article and Article 7 of the Interpretation (Jersey) Law 1954[9] as the person’s proper address.

49      Power to amend Schedules, etc.

(1)     The Minister may by Order amend –

(a)     a Schedule to this Law, and its corresponding entry in Article 5(1); and

(b)     a time period specified in a provision of this Law.

(2)     A provision of an Order made under paragraph (1) (or a provision of a Schedule as in force after amendment by such an Order) may be expressed to have effect either generally or with respect to particular provisions of this Law, a particular area of Jersey or particular times of the year.

50      Orders

(1)     The Minister may by Order make provision for any matter that is to be prescribed or specified under this Law.

(2)     An Order made by the Minister under this Law may contain such further consequential, incidental, supplementary or transitional provision as the Minister may consider necessary, including provision –

(a)     amending any enactment;

(b)     creating offences punishable by a fine; and

(c)     as to the amount, and time and manner of payment, of fees.

51      Guidance

(1)     The Minister may from time to time issue and publish guidance as to the application of a provision of this Law, whether generally or in relation to particular species of wild animals, wild birds or wild plants, and –

(a)     where it appears to the court, when conducting any civil or criminal proceedings, that such guidance is relevant to a question arising in those proceedings, the guidance must be taken into account in determining the question; but

(b)     a failure by an authorised officer to comply with such guidance does not of itself make the officer liable to any civil or criminal proceedings.

(2)     The Minister may amend or revoke any guidance issued under paragraph (1).

(3)     Before issuing, amending, or revoking any guidance under this Article the Minister must consult such persons as appear to the Minister to be appropriate.

(4)     If the Minister amends any guidance published under this Article, the Minister must publish the amended guidance in the same manner as that in which the guidance was first published.

52      Repeals

The Conservation of Wildlife (Jersey) Law 2000[10] and the Animals (Trapping) (Jersey) Law 1961[11] are repealed.

53      Consequential amendment of other enactments

(1)     In the Endangered Species (CITES) (Jersey) Law 2012[12], in Articles 21(2)(a), 22(1)(a), and 23(a) (respectively, conditions relating to an Appendix 1, 2 or 3 specimen) for the reference in each place to the Conservation of Wildlife (Jersey) Law 2000 there is substituted a reference to this Law.

(2)     For Regulation 2(6)(a) (purpose and scope) of the EU Legislation (Aquatic Animal Health) (Jersey) Regulations 2016[13] there is substituted –

“(a)    Article 20 of the Wildlife (Jersey) Law 202-[14] and any Order under Article 30 of that Law; and”.

(3)     For Regulation 2(5)(e) (effect of EU food and feed provisions in relation to wild aquatic animals) of the EU Legislation (Wild Aquatic Animals – Food and Feed) (Jersey) Regulations 2019[15] there is substituted –

“(e)    the Wildlife (Jersey) Law 202-[16].”.

(4)     In Article 45(8)(a) (restrictions on hunting any bird or animal) of the Firearms (Jersey) Law 2000[17], for the words “for the purposes of Article 5(2)(b) of the Conservation of Wildlife (Jersey) Law 2000” there are substituted the words “for the purposes of Article 7(1) of the Wildlife (Jersey) Law 202-[18]”.

(5)     In the table in Schedule 3 (enactments conferring power to issue a search warrant) to the Police Procedures and Criminal Evidence (Jersey) Law 2003[19], for the item and entry –

“Conservation of Wildlife (Jersey) Law 2000

Article 18”

there is substituted –

“Wildlife (Jersey) Law 202-

Article 42[20]”.

(6)     For Article 4(5)(d) (prohibition of slaughter, etc.) of the Slaughter of Animals (Jersey) Law 1962[21], there is substituted –

“(d)    the Wildlife (Jersey) Law 202-[22].”.

54      Citation and commencement

This Law may be cited as the Wildlife (Jersey) Law 202-, and comes into force 7 days after the day on which it is registered.

 

 

 


 SCHEDULE 1

(Article 5)

PROTECTED WILD ANIMALS

Common name

Species name

Specific provisions conferring protection*

Ant, European red wood

Formica pratensis

 

Allis shad

Alosa alosa

Articles 14, 15 and 20

Bats, horseshoe (all species)

Rhinolophidae

 

Bats, typical (all species)

Vespertilionidae

 

Beetle, stag

Lucanus cervus

 

Cricket, field

Gryllus campestris

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Damselfly, southern emerald

Lestes barbarus

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Dolphins (all species)

Delphinidae

 

Fan mussel

Atrina fragilis

 

Five-shilling shell

Mactra glauca

Articles 14 and 15

Frog, agile

Rana dalmatina

 

Grasshopper, heath

Chorthippus vagans

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Grasshopper, Jersey

Euchorthippus pulvinatus subs. Elegantulus

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Hairstreak, white letter

Satyrium w-album

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Hedgehog

Erinaceus europaeus

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Lizard, green

Lacerta viridis or Lacerta bilineata

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Lizard, wall

Podarcis muralis

 

Lumpsucker

Cyclopterus lumpus

 

Newt, palmate

Lissotriton helveticus or Triturus helveticus

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Pink sea fan

Eunicella verrucose

 

Porpoises (all species)

Cetacea

 

Seahorse, long-snouted

Hippocampus guttulatus

 

Seahorse, short-snouted

Hippocampus hippocampus

 

Seals (all species)

Pennipedia

 

Sharks, pelagic (all species except houndsharks and catsharks)

Selachimorpha (except Triakidae and Scyliorhinidae)

 

Shrew, Millet’s, common, or French

Sorex coronatus ssp fretalis

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Shrew, lesser white-toothed

Crocidura suaveolens

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Slow-worm

Anguis fragilis

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Snake, grass

Natrix natrix and Natrix Helvetica

 

Squirrel, red

Sciurus vulgaris

 

Sturgeon

Acipenser sturio

 

Sunfish

Mola mola

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Sunset cup-coral

Leptopsammia pruvoti

 

Swallowtail

Papilio machaon

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Twaite shad

Allosa fallax

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Toad, common

Bufo bufo and Bufo spinosus

 

Tuna, Atlantic Bluefin

Thunnus thynnus

 

Turtle, marine (all species)

Chelonidae and Dermochelyidae

 

Vole, Jersey bank

Clethrionomys glareolus ssp. caesarius

Articles 7, 14, 15, 19 and 20

Whales (all species)

Cetacea

 

* Where specific provisions are not identified in this column, the species enjoys all protections conferred by the Law.


 

SCHEDULE 2

(Article 5)

protected wild birds

All wild birds, except birds of the following species:

 

Common name

Species name

Crow, carrion

Corvus corone

Magpie

Pica pica

Pigeon, feral

Columba livia

Pigeon, wood

Columba palumbus

 


 

SCHEDULE 3

(Articles 5, 9 and 10)

PROTECTED wild ANIMALS AND WILD birds whICH RE-USE THEIR DENS OR NESTS

PART 1

PROTECTED WILD ANIMALS

Common name

Species name

Bats, horseshoe (all species)

Rhinolophidae

Bats, typical (all species)

Vespertilionidae

Frog, agile

Rana dalmatina

Snake, grass

Natrix natrix and Natrix helvetica

PART 2

PROTECTED WILD BIRDS

Common name

Species name

Chough, red-billed

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Falcon, peregrine

Falco peregrinus

House martin, common

Delichon urbicum

Kestrel, common

Falco tinnunculus

Martin, sand

Riparia riparia

Owl, barn

Tyto alba

Owl, long-eared

Asio otus

Puffin, Atlantic

Fratercula arctica

Razorbill

Alca torda

Shearwater, Manx

Puffinus puffinus

Storm petrel, European

Hydrobates pelagicus

Swallow, barn

Hirundo rustic

Swift, common

Apus apus

 


 

SCHEDULE 4

(Articles 5, 11)

wild animals whose breeding sites and Resting sites are protected

part 1

protected at any time

Common name

Species name

Bats, horseshoe (all species)

Rhinolophidae

Bats, typical (all species)

Vespertilionidae

Frog, agile

Rana dalmatina

Snake, grass

Natrix natrix and Natrix helvetica

part 2

protected when in use

Common name

Species name

Ant, European red wood

Formica pratensis

Beetle, stag

Lucanus cervus

Lizard, wall

Podarcis muralis

Seals (all species)

Pennipedia

Snake, grass

Natrix natrix and Natrix Helvetica

Toad, common

Bufo bufo and Bufo spinosus

Turtles, marine (all species)

Cheloniidae and Dermochelyidae

 


 

SCHEDULE 5

(Articles 5, 12)

wild birds whose breeding sites and resting sites are protected

part 1

protected at any time

Common name

Species name

Cormorant, great

Phalacrocorax carbo

Egret, little

Egretta garzetta

Falcon, peregrine

Falco peregrinus

Hoopoe, Eurasian

Upupa epops

Lapwing, northern

Vanellus vanellus

Marsh harrier, Eurasian

Circus aeruginosus

Martin, sand

Riparia riparia

Puffin, Atlantic

Fratercula arctica

Razorbill

Alca sorda

Shag, European

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

Shearwater, Manx

Puffinus puffinus

Skylark

Alauda arvensis

Storm petrel, European

Hydrobates pelagicus

Swallow, barn

Hirunda rustica

Tern, common

Sterna hirundo

Tern, little

Sternula albifrons

Tern, roseate

Sterna dougallii

Tern, Sandwich

Sterna Sandvicensis

 


 

part 2

protected when in use

Common name

Species name

Bee-eater, European

Merops aplaster

Bluethroat

Luscinia svecica

Bullfinch, Eurasian

Pyrrhula pyrrhula

Bunting, cirl

Emberiza cirlus

Buzzard, common

Buteo buteo

Chough, red-billed

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Crane, common

Gras gras

Cuckoo, common

Clamator glandarius

Dove, European turtle

Streptopelia turtur

Egret, little

Egretta garzetta

Firecrest

Regulus ignicapillus

Flycatcher, spotted

Muscicapa striata

Gadwall

Anas strepera

Golden oriole, Eurasian

Oriolus oriolus

Grebe, black-necked

Podiceps nigricollis

Grebe, little

Tachybaptus ruficollis

Gull, Mediterranean

Larus melanocephalus

Hobby, Eurasian

Falco subbuteo

Ibis, glossy

Plegadis falcinellus

Kestrel, common

Falco tinnunculus

Kingfisher, common

Alcedo atthis

Nightingale, common

Luscinia megaryhnchos

Nightjar, European

Caprimulgus Europaeus

Owl, barn

Tyto alba

Owl, long-eared

Asio otus

Plover, little ringed

Charadrius dubius

Plover, ringed

Charadrius hiaticula

Plover, Kentish

Anarhynchus alexandrinus

Redstart, black

Phoenicurus ochrensis

Rosefinch, common

Erythrina erythrina

Serin, European

Serinus serinus

Shoveler, northern

Anas clypeata

Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus

Spoonbill, Eurasian

Platalea leucorodia

Starling, common

Sturvus vulgaris

Stilt, black-winged

Himantopus himantopus

Stonechat, Eurasian

Saxicola rubicola

Thrush, mistle

Turdus viscivorus

Tit, bearded

Panurus biarmicus

Wagtail, yellow

Motacilla flava

Warbler, Cetti’s

Cettia cetti

Warbler, Dartford

Sylvia undata

Warbler, sedge

Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

Water rail

Rallus aquaticus

Wheatear, northern

Oenanthe oenanthe

Woodpecker, lesser spotted

Dryobates minor

Yellowhammer

Emberiza citrinella

 


 

SCHEDULE 6

(Articles 5, 13)

wild animals and wild birds which are protected from disturbance

part 1

wild birds

All wild birds, except birds of the following species:

 

Common name

Species name

Crow, carrion

Corvus corone

Magpie

Pica pica

Pigeon, feral

Columba livia

Pigeon, wood

Columba palumbus

Pheasant, common

Phastanus colchicus

part 2

wild animals

Common name

Species / family name

Bats, horsehoe (all species)

Rhinolophidae

Bats, typical (all species)

Vespertilionidae

Dolphins (all species)

Delphinidae

Frog, agile

Rana dalmatina

Lizard, wall

Podarcis muralis

Porpoises (all species)

Delphinidae

Sharks, pelagic (all species except houndsharks and catsharks)

Selachimorpha (except Triakidae and Scyliorhinidae)

Seahorse, long-snouted

Hippocampus guttulatus

Seahorse, short-snouted

Hippocampus hippocampus

Seals (all species)

Pennipedia

Snake, grass

Natrix natrix and Natrix helvetica

Sunfish

Mola mola

Tuna, Atlantic Bluefin

Thunnus thynnus

Turtles, marine (all species)

Cheloniidae and Dermochelyidae

Whales (all species)

Cetacea

 

 


 

SCHEDULE 7

(Articles 5, 7 and 15)

ANIMALS AND BIRDS TO BE RELEASED WITHIN 48 HOURS

part 1

wild birds

All wild birds, except birds of the following species:

 

Common name

Species name

Crow, carrion

Corvus corone

Magpie

Pica pica

Pigeon, feral

Columba livia

Pigeon, wood

Columba palumbus

Pheasant, common

Phastanus colchicus

part 2

wild animals

Common name

Species / family name

Bats, horsehoe (all species)

Rhinolophidae

Bats, typical (all species)

Vespertilionidae

Frog, agile

Rana dalmatina

Snake, grass

Natrix natrix and Natrix helvetica


 

SCHEDULE 8

(Article 5 and Part 3)

protected wild plants etc.

Common Name

Species Name

Specific provisions conferring protection*

Agrimony

Agrimonia eupatoria

 

Agrimony, fragrant

Agrimonia procera

 

Asparagus, wild

Asparagus officinalis var. prostrates

 

Autumn lady’s-tresses

Spiranthes spiralis

 

Bird’s-foot, orange

Ornithopus pinnatus

 

Broomrape, greater

Orobanche rapum-genistae

 

Buttercup, Jersey

Ranunculus paludosus

 

Caraway, whorled

Carum verticillatum

 

Cat’s ear, spotted

Hypochaeris maculata

 

Celery, wild

Apium graveolens

 

Centaury, yellow

Cicendia filiformis

 

Chaffweed

Centunculus minimus

 

Clover, long-headed

Trifolium incarnatum subsp. Molinerii

 

Clover, strawberry

Trifolium fragiferum

 

Cottongrass, common

Eriophorum angustifolium

 

Cowslip

Primula veris

 

Crowfoot, ivy-leaved

Ranunculus hederaceus

 

Cudweed, Jersey

Gnaphalium luteo-album

 

Dock, shore

Rumex rupestris

 

Dog-violet, heath

Viola canina

 

Fern, Jersey

Anogramma leptophylla

 

Fern, maidenhair

Adiantum capillus-veneris

 

Flax, pale

Linum bienne

 

Fluellin, sharp-leaved

Kickxia elatine

 

Forget-me-not, Jersey

Myosotis sicula

 

Galingale, brown

Cyperus fuscus

 

Glasswort

Salicornia europaea

 

Grass, poly

Lythrum hyssopifolia

 

Leek, round-headed

Allium sphaerocephalon

 

Longleaf

Falcaria vulgaris

 

Mat-grass

Nardus stricta

 

Mignonette, wild

Reseda lutea

 

Orchid, bee

Ophrys apifera

 

Orchid, common spotted

Dactylorhiza fuchsia

 

Orchid, early marsh

Dactylorhiza incarnata

 

Orchid, early-purple

Orchis mascula

 

Orchid, early spider

Ophrys sphegodes

 

Orchid, green winged

Anacamptis morio

 

Orchid, heath spotted

Dactylorhiza maculate

 

Orchid, Jersey (loose-flowered)

Anacamptis laxiflora

 

Orchid, lizard

Himantoglossum hircinum

 

Orchid, pyramidal

Anacamptis pyramidalis

Articles 19, 22 and 24

Orchid, southern marsh

Dactylorhiza praetermissa

 

Pimpernel, yellow

Lysimachia nemorum

 

Pink, Jersey

Dianthus gallicus

 

Plantain, hoary

Plantago media

 

Pondweed, horned

Zannichellia palustris

 

Poppy, yellow horned

Glaucium flavum

Articles 19, 22 and 24

Rattle, yellow

Rhinanthus minor

 

Sandwort, fine-leaved

Minuartia hybrida

 

Scabious, devil’s-bit

Succisa pratensis

 

Sea lavender, Alderney

Limonium normanicum

 

Sea lavender, common

Limonium vulgare

 

Sedge, cyperus

Carex pseudocyperus

 

Sedge, green-ribbed

Carex binervis

 

Sedge, grey

Carex divulsa

 

Sedge, star

Carex echinate

 

Skullcap, lesser

Scutellaria minor

 

Speedwell, blue water-

Veronica anagallis-aquatica

 

Speedwell, marsh

Veronica scutellate

 

Spurge, sea

Euphorbia paralias

 

St. John’s wort, marsh

Hypericum elodes

 

St. John’s wort, toadflax-leaved

Hypericum linarifolium

 

Stock, sea

Mathiola sinuate

 

Strawberry, wild

Fragaria vesca

Articles 19, 22 and 24

Sundew, round-leaved

Drosera rotundifolia

 

Toadflax, common

Linaria vulgaris

 

Vetch, yellow

Vicia lutea

 

Water-crowfoot, thread-leaved

Ranunculus trichophyllus

 

Water-plantain, lesser

Baldellia ranunculoides

 

Waterwort, six-stamened

Elatine hexandra

 

Woodrush, great

Luzula sylvatica

 

FUNGI

 

 

Pepperpot

Myriostoma coliforme

 

Sandy stiltball

Battarraea phalloides

 

LICHENS

 

 

Lichen

Umbilicaria grisea

 

Scrambled-egg lichen

Fulgensia fulgens

 

* Where specific provisions are not identified in this column, the species enjoys all protections conferred by the Law.


 

SCHEDULE 9

(Articles 5, 16 and 18)

DEVICES, SUBSTANCES AND METHODS PROHIBITED for killing or taking wild animals

PART 1

DEVICES ETC. PROHIBITED GENERALLY

Bows and crossbows

Explosives

Leghold traps

Live animals or birds used as decoys

Motorised vehicles and mechanically propelled vehicles or devices, including drones

Snares, except those which –

(a)     are not self-locking;

(b)     are inspected at least once in every 24-hour period of use;

(c)     comply with such further specifications as may be included in guidance issued from time to time by the Minister under Article 51; and

(d)     are operated in accordance with, and by a person who satisfies, any further conditions which may be specified in such guidance.

Spring traps, except those which –

(a)     are of a type used for the purpose of killing rats, mice and other small ground vermin (other than animals of species listed in Schedule 1);

(b)     are inspected at least once in every 24-hour period of use;

(c)     are positioned in such a manner as to avoid the capture of protected wild animals or protected wild birds;

(d)     comply with such further specifications as may be included in guidance issued from time to time by the Minister under Article 51; and

(e)     are operated in accordance with, and by a person who satisfies, any further conditions as may be included in such guidance.

PART 2

DEVICES ETC. OF WHICH USE IS PROHIBITED IN RELATION TO PARTICULAR TYPES OF WILD ANIMAL

Type of animal

Prohibited device, etc.

Amphibians, reptiles

Nets if applied for large-scale or non-selective taking or killing

Fish

Anaesthetic or stupefying substances

Artificial lighting

Electricity with alternating current

Firearms

Mammals

Anaesthetic or stupefying substances

Snares

Artificial lighting, mirrors or other dazzling devices

Automatic or semi-automatic weapons

Devices for illuminating a target or other devices for night shooting

Electrical devices capable of killing or stunning an animal

Gassing or smoking out

Nets or traps if applied for large-scale or non-selective taking or killing

Sound recordings used as decoys

All wild animals except rats, mice and other small ground mammalian vermin

Poisonous substances including poisoned or anaesthetic bait

Rabbits

Myxomatosis

 


 

SCHEDULE 10

(Articles 5, 16 and 18)

devices, substances and methods prohibited for killing or taking wild birds

Anaesthetic or stupefying substances

Artificial lighting, mirrors or other dazzling devices

Automatic or semi-automatic weapons

Baited boards

Bird lime and any similar substance

Bows and crossbows

Chemical wetting agents

Devices for illuminating a target or other sighting devices for night shooting

Electrical devices that are capable of killing or stunning a bird

Explosives

Gassing or smoking out

Hooks

Motorised vehicles and mechanically propelled vehicles or devices, including drones

Nets if applied for large scale or non-selective capture or killing

Poison and poisoned or anaesthetic bait

Shot guns of which the barrel has an internal diameter at the muzzle of more than 2.00 centimetres (0.775 inches)

Snares

Traps

Using as a decoy a live bird or other animal which is tethered, or secured by means of braces or similar appliances, or which is blind, maimed or injured

Using a sound recording as a decoy


 

SCHEDULE 11

(Articles 5, 18)

devices and substances of which possession etc. is prohibited

Grain or seed which has been rendered poisonous

 

 


 

SCHEDULE 12

(Articles 5, 20)

species of which release etc. is permitted

Common Name

Species Name

Common or European mole

Talpa europaea

 


 

SCHEDULE 13

(Articles 5, 20, 23 and Part 4)

prohibited INN SPECIES

1        Interpretation of this Schedule

(1)     In paragraph 2, “Union list” means the list of invasive alien species of Union concern, referred to in paragraph (10) of the preamble to Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 35-55), as amended, substituted, extended or applied from time to time by any other EU provision, or as it otherwise has effect in the EU from time to time by virtue of any judgment of the EU Court.

(2)     In sub-paragraph (1), “EU”, “EU Court” and “EU provision” have the same meanings as given by Article 1(1) of the European Union Legislation (Implementation) (Jersey) Law 2014[23].

2        Prohibited species

Hornet, Asian (Vespa velutina)

Knotweed, Japanese (Fallopia japonica)

 

Any species of animal, bird or plant appearing in the Union list as published from time to time at:

https://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/invasivealien/docs/R_2016_1141_Union-list-2019-consolidation.pdf

 




[1]                                     chapter 02.020

[2]                                     chapter 02.050

[3]                                     chapter 15.350

[4]                                     chapter 15.350

[5]                                     chapter 15.350

[6]                                     chapter 22.550

[7]                                     chapter 15.350

[8]                                     chapter 15.360

[9]                                     chapter 15.360

[10]                                   L.6/2000 (chapter 22.450)

[11]                                   L.36/1961 (chapter 02.200)

[12]                                   chapter 02.600

[13]                                   chapter 17.245.61

[14]                                   Law currently awaiting Privy Council sanction

[15]                                   R&O.89/2019

[16]                                   Law currently awaiting Privy Council sanction

[17]                                   chapter 23.200

[18]                                   Law currently awaiting Privy Council sanction

[19]                                   chapter 23.750

[20]                                   Law currently awaiting Privy Council sanction

[21]                                   chapter 02.800

[22]                                   Law currently awaiting Privy Council sanction

[23]                                   chapter 17.245


Page Last Updated: 10 Feb 2021