Law Reform (Disclosure and Conduct Before Action) (Jersey) Law 1999

Jersey Law 14/1999





A LAW       to enable the Royal Court, before any proceedings are commenced, to order the production of documents relevant to certain claims which are likely to be the subject of proceedings in the Royal Court; to enable the Superior Number of the Royal Court to issue practice guides as to the conduct of such claims before action; and to enable the Royal Court to take into account in proceedings the extent to which a party has acted in accordance with a practice guide, sanctioned by Order of Her Majesty in Council of the


11th day of MAY 1999



(Registered on the 4th day of June 1999)






The 3rd day of February 1999


THE STATES, subject to the sanction of Her Most Excellent Majesty in Council, have adopted the following Law –



(1)           In this Law –

“the Court” means the Royal Court;

“party”, in relation to any proceedings, includes any person who, pursuant to or by virtue of Rules of Court or any other enactment, is served with notice of, or intervenes in, those proceedings;

“personal injuries” includes any disease and any impairment of a person’s physical or mental condition;

“prescribed” means prescribed in Rules of Court;

“proceedings” means any proceedings in the Court howsoever commenced.

(2)           A reference in this Law to an Article by number only and without further identification is a reference to the Article of that number in this Law.

(3)           A reference in an Article or other division of this Law to a paragraph, sub-paragraph or clause by number or letter only and without further identification, is a reference to the paragraph, sub-paragraph or clause of that number or letter contained in the Article or other division in which that reference occurs.


Power to order disclosure

(1)           On the application of a person who appears to the Court to be likely to be a party to subsequent proceedings in that Court in which a claim in respect of personal injuries to a person, or in respect of a person’s death, is likely to be made, the Court shall, in such circumstances as may be prescribed, have power to order a person who appears to the Court to be likely to be a party to the proceedings and to be likely to have or to have had in his possession, custody or power any documents which are relevant to an issue arising or likely to arise out of that claim –

(a)     to disclose whether those documents are in his possession, custody or power; and

(b)     to produce such of those documents as are in his possession, custody or power to the applicant or, on such conditions as may be stated in the order –

(i)      to the applicant’s legal advisers, or

(ii)     to the applicant’s legal advisers and any medical or other professional adviser of the applicant, or

(iii)    if the applicant has no legal adviser, to any medical or other professional adviser of the applicant.

(2)           The Court shall not make an order under paragraph (1) if it considers that compliance with the order, if made, would be likely to be injurious to the public interest.

(3)           The costs of and incidental to proceedings for an order under paragraph (1) incurred by the person against whom the order is sought shall be awarded to that person unless the Court otherwise directs.


Practice guides as to conduct

(1)           The Superior Number of the Court may issue practice guides as to the conduct, before the commencement of proceedings, of any description of claim mentioned in paragraph (1) of Article 2.

(2)           Where proceedings are subsequently commenced before the Court in which a claim is made of a description for which a practice guide has been issued, the Court may, when deciding whether to make an order as to the procedure in the proceedings or as to costs, take into account the extent to which, before the commencement of proceedings, any party did not act in accordance with the practice guide.



The States may make Regulations amending paragraph (1) of Article 2 so as to extend its provisions –

(a)     to circumstances where other claims may be made; or

(b)     generally.


Rules of Court

(1)           The power to make Rules of Court under the Royal Court (Jersey) Law 1948, as amended,1 shall include the power to prescribe anything to be prescribed by virtue of this Law.

(2)           Paragraph (1) of Article 3 of the Official Publications (Jersey) Law 19602 shall apply to Rules made pursuant to this Article as it applies to enactments mentioned in that paragraph and accordingly, as soon as may be after such Rules are made, the Judicial Greffier shall transmit a certified copy of them to the Greffier of the States.


Short title and commencement

This Law may be cited as the Law Reform (Disclosure and Conduct before Action) (Jersey) Law 1999 and shall come into force on such day as the States may by Act appoint.




Greffier of the States.

1        Tome VII, page 502, Volume 1979–1981, page 195, Volume 1984–1985, pages 175 and 178, Volume 1990–1991, page 113, Volume 1992–1993, page 461, and Volume 1996–1997, pages 147, 148 and 665.

2        Tome VIII, page 884.

Page Last Updated: 07 Jun 2015