(Trust Company Business (Assets – Customer Money)) (Jersey)
this Order, unless the context otherwise requires –
“approved bank” means a deposit taking institution
established in and authorized by the relevant supervisory authority in the
United Kingdom, in a member state of the European Union, or in Australia,
Canada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, the Isle of Man, Japan, Jersey, New Zealand,
Singapore, Switzerland or the United States of America;
“Commission” means the Jersey Financial Services
“customer”, in respect of a registered person registered
to carry on trust company business, means –
(a) a person
who has entered into an agreement for the provision of services to be provided
by the registered person when carrying on that trust company business; or
(b) a person
who has received or may receive the benefit of services provided or arranged by
the registered person when carrying on that trust company business;
“customer money”, in respect of a registered person
registered to carry on trust company business, means trust company business
assets consisting of money that the registered person has control of or is
otherwise responsible for which the registered person is required to safeguard
in accordance with the responsibilities the registered person has accepted in
the course of carrying on that trust company business;
“customer pooled bank account”, in respect of a
registered person registered to carry on trust company business, means a bank
account that is opened by and in the name of the registered person that holds
or is intended to hold customer money in respect of 2 or more customers of the
registered person but does not include a designated joint account;
“designated joint account”, in respect of a registered person,
means a bank account that is opened by and in the name of the registered person
that holds or is intended to hold customer money in respect of 2 or more customers
of the registered person where –
customers agreed in writing when the account was opened that it would be a
designated joint account; and
in the account is to be used to finance a joint enterprise;
“joint enterprise” means an enterprise into which the
persons participating enter for commercial purposes related to a business
carried on by those persons; and where a person participating is a company,
each company with which it is connected shall also be regarded as a person
participating in the enterprise;
“Law” means the Financial Services (Jersey)
“money”, in respect of customer money, includes cash,
cheques and other payable orders and money deposited in accounts, in each case,
in any currency.
customer money referred to in this Order is trust property the trust and the
beneficiaries under the trust shall be treated for the purposes of this Order
as one customer.
2 Records of customer money to be kept
registered person must keep adequate records of customer money.
records must –
each transaction in respect of the money in a manner that allows the
transaction to be identified and traced;
kept in a manner that allows the balance due to each customer to be identified
and traced; and
in a form that allows the records to be reconciled on a timely basis so that
any error can be corrected promptly.
3 Reconciliation of customer money
A registered person must promptly carry out a reconciliation between
the records of customer money kept by the registered person and any statement
received from a bank in which customer money is kept.
4 Interest on customer money
registered person must in so far as it is reasonable and practicable to do so
ensure that interest is received on customer money.
registered person shall credit interest received on a customer’s money to
(3) Paragraphs (1)
and (2) shall not apply to any extent the customer otherwise agrees.
5 Customer money not to be mixed with other money
registered person must ensure that in so far as it is possible and practicable
to do so customer money and other money is not mixed.
shall be a defence for a registered person charged with an offence under paragraph (1)
to show that when the person became aware that the money was mixed it was
separated within 2 days of it being possible and practicable to do so.
6 Use of customer money
registered person must ensure that a customer’s money is not used for
another customer without proper authority.
registered person must ensure that customer money is not disbursed unless it
payable to a customer;
payable by or on behalf of, or in respect of a customer; or
7 Customer money in a customer pooled bank account
registered person must ensure that if customer money is kept in a customer
pooled bank account –
account is with an approved bank;
account includes words or other information in its title that clearly indicates
it to be a bank account for customer money of the registered person and not an
account for money that belongs beneficially to the registered person; and
undertaking is given by the approved bank.
undertaking must be to the effect that the bank –
that money standing to the credit of the account is and shall be accepted by
the bank as being held by the registered person as a trustee; and
undertakes not to combine the account with any other account nor to exercise
any right of set-off or counterclaim or any security interest against money in
the account in respect of a debt or other obligation owed to it by the
registered person must ensure that a customer pooled bank account is not
Commission may on the application of a registered person exempt the person from
compliance with any requirement of this Order.
Commission shall not grant an exemption unless it has first satisfied itself
that by virtue of the trust company business the registered person carries on
or intends to carry on no customer of the person is likely to be prejudiced if
the exemption is granted.
exemption may be granted subject to the registered person complying with
conditions specified by the Commission.
exemption granted under paragraph (1) shall be of no effect if the
registered person fails to comply with any condition imposed under paragraph (3).
This Order may be cited as the Financial Services (Trust Company
Business (Assets – Customer Money)) (Jersey) Order 2000.